Class 5 My Science, Health and Physical Education Guide : Part 2 - Health Education Lesson 10 - Caution and First Aid Solution

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 Class 5 My Science, Health and Physical Education Guide

Part 2 - Health Education

Lesson 10 - Caution and First Aid

1. How can the first aid be carried out in the following accidents? Write.
Answer 👉 
a. Serious wounds and injuries:

In case of serious wounds and injuries, the first step is to make the patient lie down and rest. The wounds should be cleaned with mild hot water and soap, and then covered with a clean cloth bandage. The patient should be taken to a health post or hospital for further treatment. If there is heavy bleeding, direct pressure should be applied to the wound using a clean cloth or bandage until medical help arrives.

b. Snakebite:

If someone is bitten by a poisonous snake, they should be prevented from moving and a tight bandage should be tied just above the bitten spot to prevent the venom from spreading. The bandage should not be too tight, as this could cut off blood flow to the affected limb. The person should be taken to the nearest medical facility as soon as possible for further treatment. It is important to identify the type of snake, if possible, to determine the appropriate antivenom to use.

2. Answer the following questions:
a. What is an accident?
Answer 👉 An accident is an unforeseen and unintentional event or occurrence that causes harm, injury, or damage to people or property.

b. What is ‘first aid’?
Answer 👉  First aid is the initial medical treatment given to someone who has been injured or taken ill suddenly, before they can be taken to a hospital or medical facility.

c. What are the advantages of first aid?
Answer 👉 The advantages of first aid include:
  • Preventing the condition of the patient from worsening
  • Saving lives by providing immediate care and preventing death
  • Reducing pain and suffering
  • Reducing the risk of long-term complications from injuries
  • Speeding up recovery and improving the chances of a successful treatment outcome

d. What instruments or things are to be there in the first aid box? Make a list.
Answer 👉 Instruments and things that should be in a first aid box include:
  • Scissors
  • Knife
  • Blade
  • Cotton
  • Bandage
  • Handkerchief
  • Soap
  • Paracetamol (pain reliever)
  • Oral rehydration solution (for dehydration)
  • Spirit (disinfectant)
  • Dettol (antiseptic)
  • Thermometer

e. Where is first aid carried out and why?
Answer 👉  First aid is carried out wherever an accident or medical emergency occurs, whether it is at home, in the workplace, in public spaces, or while travelling. It is important to carry out first aid as soon as possible after an accident or injury occurs, in order to provide immediate care and prevent further harm or complications.

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Part 1 - Science

Part 2 - Health Education

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