Class 9 English Guide 2080 : Unit -18 Transportation and Communication Guide Note

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Class 9 English Guide

Unit -18
Transportation and Communication Guide

Look at the pairs of pictures, talk about them in groups making comparisions.
Answer - The train is depicted in the first image while the bullet train is in the second. With the aid of the bullet train, we are able to travel at an extremely high speed, but it is also expensive. Traditional train travel is inexpensive but slow. Similarly, the bus is shown in the final image while the car is shown in the third. In a car, we can travel easily, quickly, and at our own pace, but owning and maintaining a car is expensive. Contrarily, although taking the bus is less expensive, we cannot travel at our own convenience and will. On the bus, we must adhere to the predetermined and fixed route (and on the train as well).

Reading I
Look at the pictures below and guess the answers.
a. Who are the people seen in the picture?
Answer - I think the people seen in the picture are Wright Brothers.

b. What are they doing?
Answer - In my view, they are doing an experiment with the aircraft they have made. 

Wright Brothers

A. The meanings of the words are given below. Find the words from the text above.
Answer -
a.  accessories
b. descent
c. aeronautical
d. steady
e. experiment
f. plague

B. Do yourself

C. State whether the following statements are true or false.
a. The Wright brothers sold copies of toy helicopters at the market.
Answer - false

b. They had a printing business in their cycle shop.
Answer -  false

c. The experience of cycling helped them to generate ideas for controlling and balancing aircraft.
Answer -  true

d. The wing warping system controls the aircraft in a roll.
Answer -  true

e. They learned more about balancing by watching other aircraft fly.
Answer -  true

f. Their first experimentation was with a kite.
Answer -  true

g. Wilbur Wright was the pilot of their 1903 Flyer.
Answer -  false

h. Their aircraft could only fly straight.
Answer - false

D. Put the following events from the text above in chronological order.
Answer - 

d. Milton Wright brought home a toy helicopter.
f. The children made copies of the toy helicopter.
h. The Wright brothers started a printing business.
b. The Wright brothers opened a cycle shop.
g. The Wright brothers began their aeronautical research.
e. Wright brothers built their first machine designed to carry a pilot.
a. Their first Flyer took off under its own power with a pilot.
c. The Wright brothers developed a machine overcoming complex technical problems.

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E. Answer the following questions.
a. What services did the Wright brothers offer from the cycle shop?
Answer - From the cycle shops, the Wright brothers sold and repaired bicycles. They replaced spokes, fixed broken chains and sold accessiories. Later, they also began to build their own brand of bicycles. 

b. How did their cycle business help them to build an aircraft?
Answer - The experiences with bicycles aided the Wright brothers in the investigations of flight. They used the technology they learned from their bicycle business in their airplanes. Their thoughts on balancing and controlling their aircraft were also rooted in their expeerice as cyclists. Thus, their cycle business help them to build an aircraft.

c. How did the brothers develop the idea of balance and control in the flight of an aircraft?
Answer - In the flight of an aircraft, the brothers develop this idea of balance and control by three axes of motion, a wing warping system and also by observing buzzards keeping their balance by twisting their wings and sometimes curving one wing more than the other.

d. What was their first aircraft like?
Answer - Their first aircraft was like a small kite with a five-foot wingspan that was used to test their notions of aircraft control.

e. What did they do to create the flight conditions?
Answer - To create the flight conditions, they tested small model wings in a wind tunnel they had built.

f. What is "wing warping"?
Answer - Wing warping was a system which was used to control the aircraft i a roll.

g. When and where did the first Flyer take off?
Answer - The first Flyer took off at 10:35 am in 1903 at kill Devil Hills, NC

h. What progress had they made by 1904?
Answer - They achieved the first circular flight of an airplane on September 20, 1904. This was the progress they had made by 1904.

i. What was the world's first practical airplane like?
Answer - The world's first practical airplane like was Flyer.

F. What improvements have been made to aircraft since the time of Wright brothers to the modern day? Discuss.
Answer - Wilbur and Orville Wright are regarded as the founding fathers of aviation. They created and operated the first powered heavier-than-air craft with success. Since then, a lot of advancements have been made to aircraft. Pilots are increasingly accustomed to learning to fly with innovations like ground proximity warning systems, automatic pilot, and GPS as technology has advanced with the launching of satellites and the development of lighter materials in the space age. Greater speed and flight stability have been made possible by winglets and sleeker designs, and the needle-nosed supersonic Concorde has appeared to hint at a future dominated by turbojets. Consequently, the airplanes have made much more progress at the present.

Grammar I
A. Read through the Wright Brothers' text again and underline the adjectives and adverbs. Then, write them under the respective headings in the table below.
Answer - 
small, their, her, small, two, twisted, new, handmade, first, three, left, this, vertical, right .........etc

Initially, then, together, later, only, own .............. etc

B. Choose the correct words from the brackets and fill in the blanks.
Answer - 
a. seriously
b. serious
c. selfishly 
d.  terribly
e. sudden 
f. colourful 
g. colourfully
h. badly
i. hard
j. safe
k. angry
l. dengerous

Writing I
Answer - 
The given chart represents the number of worldwide use of electrical |vehicles from the year 2015 to 2019. The vertical axis line represents; then the number of electrical vehicles in million used worldwide while the horizontal axis or line represents the given time period. |Firstly, in the years 2015, 2016 and 2017, there was a gradual and| |continuous increase in the use of electrical vehicles with 0.72 million, 1.18| million n and 7.93 million respectively. The number raised by 1.34 million resulting in 3.27 million electrical vehicles used in 2018 and 4.79 in 2019. Hence, the electrical vehicles came to its popularity after 2017 which means people are being more conscious of the environmental problem which is a good change.

Reading II
a. What does the rickshaw puller look like?
Answer - The rickshaw puller looks very old, lean and thin.

b. Is the rickshaw rider happy? Give reasons.
Answer - No, the rickshaw rider does not seem happy. Though the rickshaw rider is sitting on the rickshaw and looks enjoying it, he actually seems to be grief-stricken with the hard work of the old rickshaw puller. 

Rickshaw Ride

A. Match the words with their meanings.
a. --------iii
b.  -------viii
c.  -------vii
d.  -------i
e.  -------ii
f.  -------vi
g.  -------iv
h.  -------v

B. Fill in the blanks with the correct words/phrases from the poem.
a. harbour
b. folded
c. dollar
d. Victoria
e. face
f. fun

C. Answer the following questions.
a. How old is the rickshaw puller?
Answer - In the poem, the speaker states that the Rickshaw puller is as old as China.

b. What does ‘he is made of leather’ mean?
Answer - 'He is made of leather in the poem means that the rickshaw puller seems to be so thin or skinny. It can be because of his old age and because of the hard work he does.

c. What attracts the attention of the rider?
Answer - The muscles, at neck and calf and shoulder and the dark veins that snake of the rickshaw puller attract the attention of the rider. 

d. Why does the rider want the rickshaw puller not to fall?
Answer - In the poem, the rider wants the rickshaw puller not to fall because he has invested his dollar for the ride. (However, the indirect meaning of the poem suggests that the poet wants him not to fall becaue he represents the old and glorious history of China.)

e. Did the man enjoy the rickshaw ride? Give reasons.
Answer - No, the man did not enjoy the rickshaw ride because, in the last stanza, he clearly states that the ride was not much fun. (In the poem, the poet thorugh the rider shows the sorrows and hard work of old rickshaw rider, therefore, as a human being with basic humanity, nobody would enjoy the rickshaw ride.

Grammar II
Use the correct forms of the adjectives or adverbs given in the brackets.
Answer - 
a. biggest
b. most famous
c. deadly
d. more interestingly
e. most humorous
f. more innocent
g. more expensive
h. tall
i. batter
j. more dangerous
k. more carefully

Writing II
You might have travelled to different places. Write an account of one of your journeys. Include the following guidelines in your writing.
Answer -

I once went to Pokhara to see everything that was lovely there. This journey was made on a bus. There were many people on the bus. My parents and two other family members were with me. One of the most memorable experiences of my life was this trip. As the bus departed Butwal, I observed numerous trees, shops, enormous structures, and other vehicles. We reached our destination after a 12-hour journey. We stayed there for four days and made numerous trips to scenic and historical locales. We went to Bindhyabasini Temple and Phewa Lake, two of the most well-liked tourist destinations. Additionally, we went to Sarangkot, Mahendra Cave, Bat Cave (Chamere Gufa), Devi's Falls, and many others.

Project work
Do your self ..
missing answer update soon......................

Class 9 English Guide - Click any unit and view class 9 English notes

Unit - 1 Travel and Holidays

Unit - 2 Health and Hygiene

Unit - 3 Family, Market and Public Places

Unit - 4 Life and Death

Unit - 5 Ethics, Norms and Values

Unit - 6 Custom and Culture

Unit - 7 Ecology and Environment

Unit - 8 Science and Technology

Unit - 9 Work and Leisure

Unit - 10 The Earth and Space

Unit - 11 Gadgets and Instruments

Unit - 12 People and Places

Unit - 13 Organisation Profile and Authority

Unit - 14 History and Civilisation

Unit - 15 People and Lifestyle

Unit - 16 Games and Sports

Unit - 17 Global Warming and Climate Change

Unit - 18 Transportation and Communication

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