Class 8 English Guide Nepal 2080 Unit - 11 guide Nepal

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Class 8 English Guide Nepal 2080
Unit - 11 guide

 Unit - 11 Guide English Class 8

A. Match the words in column A with their meanings in column B.

Answer 👉 

Column A -------------- Column B

a. apology --------------- x. saying sorry

b. absent-minded -------- i. forgetful

c. couch ----------------- ix. sofa

d. curved -------------- viii. a bent line; not a straight line

e. dull ---------------- vii. lacking interest or excitement

f. gravity -------------- v. the force of attraction

g. host --------------- iv. a person who receives other people as guests

h. interrupted ---------- iii. made something discontinue

i. puzzled --------------- ii. unable to understand; confused

j. wonder --------------- vi. a feeling of amazement and admiration

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B. Choose the correct words/phrases from the box to complete the following sentences.

Answer 👉 

a. The construction work got interrupted because of the heavy rain.

b. Newton used curved mirrors in telescopes instead of lenses.

c. My grandmother keeps forgetting things. She is suffering from absent-mindedness.

d. Anisha came into my room and sat on the couch.

e. Please draw a curved line on the whiteboard, not a straight one.

f. Particles are attracted to each other by gravitation.

g. Newton was an absent-minded boy in his childhood.

h. My friend hosted a birthday party yesterday.

i. I got tired of working the whole day. I want to rest for some time.

C. Read the text again and write whether the following statements are True or False.

Answer 👉 

a. True
b. True
c. False
d. True
e. True
f. False

D. Answer these questions.
a. How was Newton in his studies in his early life?
Answer 👉 In his early life, Newton was not initially good at his studies. He struggled academically and faced difficulties in learning.

b. Which subjects did Newton study at Cambridge University?
Answer 👉 Newton studied a wide range of subjects at Cambridge University, including mathematics, physics, and astronomy.

c. What changes did Newton make to telescopes?
Answer 👉 Newton made improvements to telescopes by using curved mirrors instead of lenses, which reduced chromatic aberration and improved image quality.

d. Why do you think Newton forgot his food and friends at times?
Answer 👉 Newton's intense focus on his scientific work and his passionate pursuit of knowledge may have caused him to become engrossed in his thoughts and experiments, leading to forgetfulness about everyday matters such as food and friends.

E. Find some other discoveries Newton has made.
Answer 👉 Sir Isaac Newton made significant discoveries in various fields, including:

Laws of Motion: Formulated the three fundamental laws of motion.
Universal Gravitation: Proposed the theory of universal gravitation.
Reflecting Telescope: Designed and built the first practical reflecting telescope.
Calculus: Independently developed calculus.
Color Theory: Conducted experiments with light and prisms, contributing to the understanding of color.
These are some of the notable discoveries made by Newton.

Grammar I
B. Complete the following sentences with the correct relative pronouns - who, where, whose, which, that, and when. You may use some of them more than once.
Answer 👉 
a. The couple who live next door has six grandchildren.
b. The house, which is painted in red, is mine.
c. The woman whose house was broken into called the police.
d. The car that my uncle bought is quite comfortable.
e. This is the school where I study now.
f. This is the place where I was born and brought up.
g. My uncle, who is in the army, came to see us.
h. We have a friend who plays the Madal well.
i. Is there anything that I can do to help you?
j. She remembered the day when she met her husband for the first time.

C. Join the following pairs of sentences using suitable relative pronouns.
Answer 👉 
a. We know the woman who donated this money.
b. We walked past my old school, which is celebrating its 50th anniversary this month.
c. I met the woman yesterday whom I had helped last month.
d. A new headteacher is going to be appointed next month, which is good.
e. Bring me the file that is on the table.
f. This is the player whom the committee appointed as the captain.
g. We met a girl who has lost her way.
h. This is the house that Naresh built.
i. Mandy is the girl whose car I am using today.

Class 8 English Guide Nepal
Unit - 11 guide

Reading II
Khaptad National Park

A. Match the words in column A with their meanings in column B.
Answer 👉 
Column A--------------- Column B
a. pastures ------------ iv. land covered with grass
b. biodiversity --------- iii. the existence of a variety of animals and plants
c. aquatic ------------ vi. growing or living in, on or near water
d. confluence -------- vii. the place where rivers meet and become one
e. tranquility --------- i. the state of being quiet and peaceful
f. documentary ------ ii. a film or program giving facts about something
g. harbor ----------- v. to contain something and allow it to develop

B. Fill in the gaps with correct information from the text.
Answer 👉 
a. Khaptad National Park comprises 22 patches of grassland.
b. The religious sites in the national park are visited by thousands of pilgrims every year.
c. A tourist from Pakistan should have to pay Rs. 1,500 as an entry fee.
d. The highest point of the national park is Sahashra Linga situated at the height of 3,276 meters.
e. Many pilgrims make a holy visit to Triveni on Janai Purnima.

C. Answer these questions.

a. What type of forest can be found in Khaptad National Park?
Answer 👉 The types of forests found in Khaptad National Park are sal, pine, alder, fir, oak, birch, and rhododendron.

b. How have the patents supported local people around the national park?
Answer 👉 The patans in Khaptad National Park support local people by providing ample grazing ground for cattle, which is essential for their livelihood.

c. Where is the Shiva temple?
Answer 👉 The Shiva temple is located at the confluence of three rivers, known as Triveni, on the way to the park headquarters.

d. Afterwhose name is the national park named as Khaptad National Park?
Answer 👉 The national park is named after Khaptad Swami, a renowned spiritual saint.

e. If anyone is interested in shooting a film in the national park, how much money s/he has to pay?
Answer 👉 If anyone is interested in shooting a film in the national park, they have to pay a documentary/filming fee of $1,500 (for foreigners), Rs. 50,000 (for SAARC Nationals), and Rs. 10,000 (for Nepali) to the Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation (DNPWC).

f. Make a list of the flora and fauna found in the national park.
Answer 👉 Flora found in the national park includes sal, pine, alder, fir, oak, birch, rhododendron, primulas, buttercups, and wild berries. Fauna found in the national park includes barking deer, wild boar, ghoral, black bear, yellow-throated marten, rhesus and langur monkeys, common leopard, wolf, wild dog, jackal, musk deer, and various bird species.

D. If you visited Khaptad National Park, which thing would you enjoy the most? Why?
Answer 👉 If I visited Khaptad National Park, I would enjoy the most the serene tranquility and breathtaking natural beauty of the park. The park offers a peaceful and tranquil environment surrounded by lush forests, picturesque grasslands, and scenic landscapes. It would provide an opportunity to immerse myself in nature, away from the hustle and bustle of city life. Additionally, witnessing the diverse flora and fauna, exploring the religious and cultural sites, and experiencing the local livelihood and traditions would further enhance the enjoyment of my visit to Khaptad National Park.

Grammar II

A. Put‘a’ ‘an’ or ‘the’ to complete the sentences. Put a cross (X) if an article is not needed.

Answer 👉 
a. I'd like to ask you a question now.
b. It is a nice day today, isn't it?
c. Where is the tallest statue of Lord Shiva located?
d. The boys are playing football in the backyard.
e. She is an intelligent girl.
f. Do you want to go to the restaurant where we first met?
g. My father bought a new TV set yesterday.
h. I live in an old house. The house needs to be repaired.
i. Would you like to have a piece of cake?
j. Sharmila can play the guitar well.
k. We usually have lunch at 12:30.

B. Put‘a’, ‘an’ or ‘the’ to complete the paragraphs.
Answer 👉 a. You've probably learned the rule that 'a' comes before a vowel, and that 'an' comes before a consonant. While this is generally true, it is more accurate to say that 'a' comes before a vowel sound, and 'an' comes before a consonant sound. 'The' can be used with both singular and plural nouns, with nouns of any gender, and with nouns that start with any letter. 'The' is the most commonly used word in the English language.

Answer 👉 b. Once upon a time, there was an old farmer. He was honest and helpful. Once, the whole village was affected by famine. People remembered the old farmer. He helped the villagers by providing food and shelter. This news reached the king. He invited the old farmer and gave him a golden stick as a gift for his honesty and help to the villagers during hard times.

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