Class 8 English Guide Nepal 2080 : Unit - 15 Conservation of Earth

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 Class 8 English Guide Nepal
Unit - 15
Conservation of Earth

A. The meanings of some of the words from the text are given below. Find the words and write them down next to their meanings.

Answer 👉 

a. extinct

b. poaching

c. decade

d. ancestors

e. species

f. conservationists

g. biosphere

h. habitable

C. Read the text again and answer these questions.

a. How is it possible for polar bears to live in the Arctic?

Answer 👉 Polar bears can live in the Arctic because they have thick layers of fat that help them protect themselves from freezing temperatures.

b. Why can't wild creatures survive for long in a different habitat?

Answer 👉 Wild creatures cannot survive for long in a different habitat because they are adapted to their specific environment, including the climate, vegetation, and other species present. They have specialized characteristics and behaviors that are suited for their natural habitat, and they may not be able to find suitable food, shelter, or resources in a different habitat.

c. What have the conservationists done to save some specific species?

Answer 👉 Conservationists have saved specific species by implementing measures such as banning hunting, poaching, and overfishing. By protecting these species from human activities that pose a threat to their survival, conservationists aim to ensure their continued existence.

d. What is the impact of cutting down trees?

Answer 👉 Cutting down trees has a significant impact on the environment. It leads to deforestation, which results in the loss of habitat for various creatures. The creatures living in those habitats may have nowhere else to go, and their survival becomes difficult. Additionally, deforestation contributes to climate change, as trees play a crucial role in absorbing carbon dioxide and regulating the climate.

e. Where are many of the new species of creatures found?
Answer 👉 Many of the new species of creatures are found in areas and habitats that are currently difficult to reach, such as isolated rainforests, deep oceans, the Arctic, and the Antarctic.

f. What is the contribution of other creatures to humans?
Answer 👉 Other creatures contribute to humans by providing us with food, building materials, fuel, and medicine. They play important roles in maintaining ecosystems, pollination, nutrient cycling, and overall biodiversity, which are essential for our well-being and the health of the planet.

g Why do you think scientists are looking for oxygen and water vapor on other planets?
Answer 👉 Scientists are looking for oxygen and water vapor on other planets because these are two key elements necessary for supporting life as we know it. The presence of oxygen and water vapor can indicate the potential habitability of a planet, as they are crucial for the survival of organisms. By searching for these signs, scientists hope to identify planets that might be suitable for hosting life or potentially supporting human colonization in the future.

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D. If you got the chance to go to another planet to live, what five things would you take with you? Make a list and talk to your friends. Give reasons why you would want to take those particular items with you.

Answer 👉 If I were to go to another planet to live, I would carefully select five essential items to accompany me:

Survival Kit: A compact survival kit containing essential tools like a knife, fire starter, water purification tablets, and a solar-powered charger would be vital. It would help me address basic survival needs and adapt to the new environment.

Seeds and Planting Materials: Bringing a selection of seeds, including nutritious fruits, vegetables, and grains, would allow me to cultivate my own food source. It would ensure long-term sustainability and provide a sense of familiarity from Earth.

Communication Device: A portable communication device, such as a satellite phone or a handheld radio, would enable me to establish communication with Earth and potentially connect with other settlers on the new planet. It would provide a lifeline for sharing information, seeking assistance, and maintaining contact with loved ones.

Digital Library: Carrying a tablet or an e-reader loaded with a vast collection of e-books would serve as a compact personal library. It would offer a wide range of entertainment, knowledge, and mental stimulation, allowing me to escape into fictional worlds and continue learning about various subjects.

Personal Keepsakes: Taking a few sentimental items like photographs, letters, or small mementos from loved ones would provide emotional support and a connection to my past. These keepsakes would serve as a reminder of my roots, relationships, and cherished memories, bringing a sense of comfort and familiarity in an otherwise unfamiliar setting.

Discussing these choices with friends would involve sharing the practicality and emotional significance of each item. We could explore alternative ideas and consider their perspectives on what would be essential for survival and well-being in the new planetary environment.

Grammar I

B. Complete these sentences with but/because/because of/so that/in order to/, therefore,/although.

Answer 👉 

a. I can't walk any more because I've been walking all day.

b. He could not join the army because of the visual impairment.

c. I like dogs a lot because they are usually friendly.

d. Even though our class teacher was sick, she still came to school.

e. I went to the bank so that I could withdraw some money.

f. Due to the heavy traffic, we could not reach the cinema in time.

g. Although Sima was tired, she did her homework before she went to bed.

h. She is talking clearly in order to impress the headteacher.

i. I work a lot so that I do not get good grades.

Writing I

Some people think that listening to the radio and watching television is important for students, while others believe that it impacts them negatively. Write an essay expressing your opinion about it.

Answer 👉 Title: The Impact of Radio and Television on Students: A Balanced Perspective


In today's digital age, radio and television have become integral parts of our lives, providing us with information, entertainment, and educational content. However, opinions vary regarding the impact of these media on students. While some argue that radio and television are essential for students, others express concerns about the potential negative effects. In this essay, I will present a balanced perspective on the matter, considering both the benefits and drawbacks of these media platforms for students.


Educational Opportunities:

Listening to the radio and watching television can offer valuable educational opportunities for students. Educational programs, documentaries, and news broadcasts can provide students with a wide range of knowledge and information. These media platforms can present complex concepts in a visually appealing and engaging manner, making learning more enjoyable and accessible.

Exposure to Different Perspectives:

Radio and television expose students to diverse viewpoints, cultures, and ideas. By tuning in to talk shows, debates, and documentaries, students can broaden their horizons and develop critical thinking skills. These platforms can foster a sense of global awareness and empathy by showcasing the experiences of people from different backgrounds and regions.

Enhancing Language and Communication Skills:

Listening to the radio and watching television programs can significantly contribute to the development of language and communication skills. By exposing students to well-articulated speeches, interviews, and discussions, they can improve their vocabulary, pronunciation, and comprehension abilities. Moreover, programs featuring debates or interactive formats can inspire students to engage in meaningful discussions and express their opinions effectively.

Potential Negative Effects:

While radio and television offer numerous benefits, it is essential to acknowledge the potential negative effects they can have on students. Excessive screen time can lead to sedentary behavior and a lack of physical activity, which can negatively impact their overall health. Additionally, unregulated exposure to commercial advertisements may influence students' consumer behavior and create materialistic attitudes.

Class 8 English Guide Nepal
Unit - 15
Conservation of Earth

Reading II

A. Match the words in column A with their meanings in column B.

Answer 👉 

Column A ---------- Column B

a. rapid - iii. happening quickly or in a short period of time

b. infection - v. the act or process of causing or getting a disease

c. vaccination - iv. the act of giving a person a vaccine

d. arrangement - i. a plan made to do something

e. alternative - ii. a thing that can be chosen out of two or more possibilities

B. Answer these questions.
a. What is the notice about?
Answer 👉 The notice is about the closure of all schools.

b. Why did the government decide to close all the schools?
Answer 👉 The government decided to close all the schools due to the rapid spread of COVID-19 infection in recent days.

c. How long will the schools remain closed?
Answer 👉 The schools will remain closed from 27th Poush to 15th Magh.

d. What are the parents asked to do?
Answer 👉  The parents are asked to contact schools and take their children for vaccination on the specified dates.

e. What are universities suggested about the examinations?
Answer 👉 The universities are suggested to conduct pre-scheduled examinations following the public health and safety standards.

C. Imagine that a friend of yours was absent from the class on a particular day. Now, draft a message in your own words to communicate the notice to him or her.
Answer 👉 
Hey [Friend's Name],

I hope this message finds you well. I wanted to inform you about an important notice from the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology. Due to the rapid spread of COVID-19 infection, all schools will be closed from 27th Poush to 15th Magh.

Since you were absent from class on the day this notice was shared, I thought it's important to let you know about it. The government has also decided to vaccinate all children between 12 and 17 years during this period, and parents are requested to take their children for vaccination on the specified dates. Please make sure to contact the school for further details regarding the vaccination process.

As the schools will remain closed for about three weeks, it's essential for us to make necessary arrangements for our learning to continue through alternative methods. Let's stay updated with any assignments or instructions our teachers might provide through online platforms or other means.

Additionally, the notice suggests that universities can conduct pre-scheduled examinations while following the public health and safety standards.

If you have any questions or need further information, feel free to reach out to me. Take care and stay safe!

Best regards,
[Your Name]

Writing II

Write a short notice on behalf of your school about a one-day closure of the school. Give a reason in the notice as to why the school will remain closed.

Answer 👉 [Your School Name]

[School Logo or Emblem]


Date: [Date of the Notice]

Dear Students, Parents, and Staff,

Subject: One-day Closure of School

We would like to inform you that [Your School Name] will remain closed for one day on [Date]. This decision has been made due to [provide reason/reasons for the closure].

[Explain the reason in a clear and concise manner. For example, if the reason is a staff development day, you can mention that the school will be closed to facilitate training and professional development for our dedicated teachers. If it's due to maintenance work, mention that the closure is necessary to ensure a safe and conducive learning environment for everyone.]

During this closure, all classes and school-related activities will be temporarily suspended. We kindly request all students, parents, and staff to take note of this closure and make necessary arrangements accordingly.

We apologize for any inconvenience this may cause and assure you that this closure is essential for the betterment of our school community. We appreciate your understanding and cooperation in this matter.

For any urgent matters or inquiries, please feel free to contact the school office during regular working hours.

Thank you for your attention and cooperation.

Best regards,

[Your Name]


[School Contact Information]

Grammar II

Combine the following pairs of sentences using the connectives given in the brackets.

Answer 👉 

a. Although she is very rich, she lives a simple life.

b. In spite of being ill, he wants to meet me.

c. Although she works carefully, she makes many mistakes.

d. I went to the grocery so that I could buy some rice.

e. She has got good grades; however, she has not passed the entrance test.

f. He ran away because he was afraid.

g. We did not go out because of the heavy rain.

h. Although it was hot, we went to play football.

i. She bought a book and a pencil.

j. He likes dancing, but he doesn't like singing.

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