Class 8 English Guide Nepal 2080 : Unit - 16 Why I Became a Vegan

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  Class 8 English Guide Nepal 2080 

Unit - 16

Why I Became a Vegan

A. Meanings of some of the words are given below. Decide which one among them is the contextual one.

Answer πŸ‘‰ 

a. cheered - ii. to shout loudly to show support or praise for somebody

b. consistently - ii. always the same

c. eliminating - ii. removing or getting rid of something

d. dairy - i. milk, cheese, and other milk products

e. incorporate - ii. to include something so that it forms a part of something

B. Use the above words to fill in the gaps below.

Answer πŸ‘‰ 

a. Despite our requests, the manager consistently denied the changes we wanted to bring.

b. The plan for eliminating the risk of nuclear weapons is still lingering.

c. The audience clapped and cheered when she stood up to speak.

d. These designs incorporate the best features of our earlier models.

e. Many people find it difficult to digest milk, and get a stomachache if they eat dairy products.

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D. Answer these questions.

a. Who are vegans?
Answer πŸ‘‰ Vegans are individuals who do not consume any animal-based products, including dairy, eggs, and meat.

b. When did the writer start gaining weight?
Answer πŸ‘‰ The writer started gaining weight after college.

c. Who first started to become vegan in the writer's family?
Answer πŸ‘‰ The writer's aunt and uncle were the first ones to become vegan in the writer's family.

d. Mention the reason for which the writer became a vegan.
Answer πŸ‘‰ The writer became a vegan to eliminate foods from their diet that did not agree with their body and to focus on consuming things that would make them feel good and live a healthy life.

e. What was the impact of Whole30 on the writer?
Answer πŸ‘‰ The impact of Whole30 on the writer was that it made them more aware of how their body felt and helped them identify the negative effects certain foods had on their well-being. It led to improvements such as reduced stomach aches, increased energy, and decreased acid reflux.

f. Do you think all the nutrients needed for our body can be achieved from non-veg food? How?
Answer πŸ‘‰ Yes, all the nutrients needed for our body can be achieved from non-veg food, as well as plant-based sources. Non-veg food provides essential nutrients like protein, vitamins, and minerals. However, it is important to maintain a balanced diet that includes a variety of foods to ensure all nutrient needs are met. Vegetarians and vegans can obtain protein from plant sources such as legumes, tofu, tempeh, and quinoa, while getting other nutrients from fruits, vegetables, whole grains, nuts, and seeds.

Grammar I

C. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs given in the brackets.
Answer πŸ‘‰ 
a. The car hit the tree while the driver was talking on the phone.
b. The bus had already left the stop before I reached there.
c. A boy was digging the field when his father saw him.
d. When I woke up, the birds were chirping.
e. I hadn't done anything wrong, but my friend still shouted at me.
f. My father had ordered the food before I reached home.
g. The girl was speaking quite fast. So, we didn't understand her.
i. The customers had already ordered the food at the counter before the waiter came to their table.
j. What were you doing when I called you yesterday evening?

Writing I
A. Arrange the sentences in order to make a story.
Answer πŸ‘‰ 

b. Once upon a time, a rich businessman asked a wise man to wean his son away from his bad habits.
d. The man took his son to a garden and asked him to pull out a tiny plant.
i. The boy held the plant between his thumb and forefinger and pulled it out easily.
g. Later he asked him to uproot a slightly bigger plant.
h. Finally he asked him to uproot a guava tree.
a. Now he said, ‘Bad habits are like them. It is easy to pull them out when they are young but it is impossible to uproot them later’.
e. This session changed the son’s life completely.
f. He grasped the trunk but it was impossible for him.

Reading II
The History of Pens

B. Match the following words with their correct meanings.
Answer πŸ‘‰ 

a. hollow: iii. having a hole or empty space inside
b. discard: vii. to get rid of something that you no longer want or need
c. shaft: v. the long narrow part of an arrow, hammer, etc.
d. sturdy: i. strong and not easily damaged
e. patent: ii. to obtain a right for an invention or a process
f. smudge: viii. to make a dirty mark on a surface
g. evolution: iv. slow steady development of something
h. advent: vi. the coming of an important event, person, invention, etc.

C. Answer these questions.
a. How were the reed pens made?
Answer πŸ‘‰ The reed pens were made by using hollow tubular marsh grass, especially bamboo, as the body of the pen. One end of the tube was sharpened into the shape of a pen's nib, and the tube was filled with writing fluid.

b. What were the quill pens made of?
Answer πŸ‘‰ The quill pens were made from bird feathers, such as swans, turkeys, and geese. The feathers were dried and cut with a knife to sharpen the end, creating the tip of the pen.

c. Mention the changes brought by quill pens in writing.
Answer πŸ‘‰ The quill pens brought changes in writing by improving smoothness and writing speed. They allowed for the development of more decorative and faster means of writing, including lowercase letters.

d. How were steel-point pens different from quill pens?
Answer πŸ‘‰ Steel-point pens were different from quill pens in that they were machine-made and made of steel. They were cheaper and sturdier compared to quill pens. They functioned similarly to quills but did not require frequent sharpening.

e. What were the variations of the fountain pen?
Answer πŸ‘‰ Variations of the fountain pen included the use of replaceable and refillable ink cartridges and advancements in materials such as plastic, metal, and wood. These innovations made fountain pens more convenient and portable.

g Who designed the ball pens for the first time?
Answer πŸ‘‰ LaszlΓ³ Biro, a Hungarian journalist living in Argentina, designed the ball pens for the first time.

h. Describe the features of biromes.
Answer πŸ‘‰ Biromes, also known as ballpoint pens, had a quick-dry ink and featured a small metal ball at the tip of the pen that rotated to distribute the ink smoothly. They were highly durable, convenient, and capable of writing on multiple surfaces.

i. Do you think the use of pens will decline in the days to come? Why?
Answer πŸ‘‰ Yes, the use of pens is expected to decline in the days to come due to the increasing adoption of digital devices such as smartphones, tablets, and laptops. These devices offer more versatility, convenience, and storage capabilities for writing and note-taking tasks.

Class 8 English Guide Nepal 2080 : Unit - 16  Why I Became a Vegan

Writing II
Write a couple of paragraphs about one of the historical events you know.
Answer πŸ‘‰ One of the notable historical events in Nepal is the unification of the country under King Prithvi Narayan Shah in the 18th century. King Prithvi Narayan Shah successfully brought together the divided kingdoms and created a unified nation. His leadership and military campaigns laid the foundation for modern Nepal, fostering a sense of national identity and solidarity among the diverse ethnic groups and regions. This event remains a significant milestone in Nepal's history, symbolizing national unity and sovereignty.

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