Class 10 SEE English Guide | Unit - 10 Games and Sports 2080

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 Class 10 SEE English Guide

Unit - 10

Games and Sports Guide

The First Olympic Games

A. Complete the sentences with the words given below. 

exquisite inherited underworld embroidered stew decreed mounted rejoicing furious lush

Answer 👉 

a. We are having stew for lunch today.

b. The demon was sent to the underworld for his disobedience to the gods.

c. The sleeves of his coat were embroidered in gold.

d. Smita was absolutely furious.

e. Her wedding dress was exquisitely embroidered.

f. The prince inherited the king's throne.

g. There was a great rejoicing (or celebration).

h. The king mounted his horse and rode away from the palace.

i. The government decreed that the following day would be a holiday on the occasion of Eid.

j. It was wonderful to spend a week in the lush green countryside.



B. Write if the following statements are true, false or not given based on the information given in the text.

a. Tantalus' father Zeus was also half god and half man.

b. Tantalus wanted to take revenge with the gods.

c. The gods revived Pelops to rule in Elis.

d. Princess Hippodamia was impressed with Pelops at the first sight.

e. Hippodamia wanted to kill the king so that she could inherit the kingdom.

f. The Olympic Games were not held for about 1,500 years due to the fear of the earthquake.

g. Inevery Olympic Games the torch is carried from Greece.

Answer 👉 

a. Not given - The information about Tantalus' father Zeus being half god and half man is not provided in the text.

b. True - It is stated that Tantalus wanted to take revenge with the gods.

c. True - The text mentions that the gods revived Pelops to rule in Elis.

d. False - There is no information provided about Princess Hippodamia being impressed with Pelops at first sight.

e. False - There is no information provided about Hippodamia wanting to kill the king to inherit the kingdom.

f. False - The text does not mention anything about the Olympic Games not being held for 1,500 years due to the fear of earthquakes.

g. True - It is stated that in every Olympic Games, the torch is carried from Greece.


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C. Answer these questions.
a. Who was Tantalus?
Tantalus was a mythical figure from Greek mythology who was the son of Zeus and a mortal woman.

b. Why were the gods angry with him?
The gods were angry with Tantalus because he offended them by stealing their nectar and ambrosia, as well as revealing their secrets to humans.

c. What punishment did gods give Tantalus?
As punishment, the gods condemned Tantalus to eternal torment in the underworld. He was placed in a pool of water, but whenever he tried to drink, the water receded, and when he reached for fruit hanging above him, it moved out of his reach. This gave rise to the term "tantalizing," meaning something desirable that is just out of reach.

d. What special qualities did the horses of the king and Pelops have? 
The horses of the king and Pelops were said to be divine and possessed the special quality of being able to fly or run at incredible speeds.

e. What was the risk of proposing princess Hippodamia?
The risk of proposing to Princess Hippodamia was that she was already betrothed to another man, and the suitor who failed to win a chariot race against her father would be killed.

f. How did the stable boy help Pelops win the race?
The stable boy, Myrtilus, secretly replaced the king's chariot's bronze linchpins with wax ones. During the race, the linchpins melted due to the heat and caused the king's chariot to crash, ensuring Pelops' victory.

g. How did the king die?
answer update soon

h. Why did Pelops and Hippodamia organise a feast? 
Pelops and Hippodamia organized a feast to celebrate their victory and to honor the gods.

i. Howdid the events of the feast become the origin of modern Olympic Games?
The events of the feast, which included athletic competitions, became the origin of the ancient Olympic Games. The concept of holding competitive sports in honor of the gods was continued in subsequent Olympic Games.

j. How is the Olympic torch lit? 
The Olympic torch is lit by using the rays of the sun. A concave mirror is used to focus the sunlight onto the torch, igniting it. The flame is then carried in the torch to the location of the Olympic Games, symbolizing the continuity and connection between the ancient and modern Olympic Games.







D. What is the significance of the Olympic Games in the world today? Discuss.

Answer 👉 The Olympic Games hold immense significance in the world today, serving as a global sporting event that transcends boundaries, promotes unity, and showcases the best athletic talents from around the world. Here are some key aspects highlighting their significance:

  1. Celebration of Human Excellence: The Olympic Games celebrate the pinnacle of human physical and mental capabilities. Athletes train rigorously for years to compete at the highest level, inspiring individuals worldwide to strive for greatness in their respective fields.

  2. International Unity and Peace: The Games bring together athletes from diverse backgrounds, cultures, and nations, fostering a sense of global unity and understanding. It provides a platform for peaceful competition, promoting dialogue and cooperation among nations and contributing to a peaceful world.

  3. Cultural Exchange: The Olympic Games offer an opportunity for cultures to intermingle and exchange traditions, values, and ideas. Athletes and spectators from different nations come together, promoting cultural understanding and fostering a sense of mutual respect and appreciation.

  4. Promoting Sport and Healthy Lifestyles: The Games inspire millions to participate in sports and adopt active and healthy lifestyles. The athletes' dedication and achievements motivate individuals to engage in physical activities, contributing to improved public health and well-being.

  5. Economic and Infrastructural Impact: Hosting the Olympic Games can have substantial economic benefits for the host country. It encourages investments in infrastructure development, boosts tourism, generates employment opportunities, and stimulates economic growth.

  6. Global Media and Exposure: The Olympics attract extensive media coverage worldwide, reaching billions of viewers. This provides a platform to highlight social issues, promote cultural awareness, and address important topics such as sustainability, inclusivity, and gender equality.

  7. Inspiration for Future Generations: The Olympic Games inspire and empower the younger generation. Witnessing athletes' dedication, perseverance, and sportsmanship can instill values of discipline, teamwork, and fair play among young people, fostering their personal growth and development.

  8. Sporting Legacy: The Games often leave a lasting legacy for the host city and country. Sporting facilities, infrastructure, and urban developments created for the event can continue to benefit the community long after the Games are over, providing opportunities for athletic training, recreational activities, and urban revitalization.


Grammar I

B. Complete the sentences below with present perfect or present perfect continuous tense of the verbs given in the brackets.

a. Siddhartha ......... (learn) to drive just in ten years!

b. It ...... (rain) all the summer. There are floods and landslides in many places.

c. Palden: You must have finished the book. I think you ceeveeeneee (read) it since last week.

Ricky: No,I.......... (not/finish) it yet. Actually, I started it just yesterday.

d. What ........... (you/cook) for so long?

e. You.......(promise) to help me many times. You really need to help me today.

f. The children have their exams next week. So they.......... (prepare) a lot.

g The film is really wonderful. ......... (you/watch) it yet?

h. Sitaram .............. (paint) his house all day. He .......... (not/finish) it yet.

i. Finally they........... (fix) the leakage in their roof.

j. Iam so tired now. I ............. (work) hard lately.

Answer 👉 a. Siddhartha has learned to drive just in ten years!

b. It has been raining all summer. There are floods and landslides in many places.

c. Palden: You must have finished the book. I think you have been reading it since last week.

Ricky: No, I have not finished it yet. Actually, I started it just yesterday.

d. What have you been cooking for so long?

e. You have promised to help me many times. You really need to help me today.

f. The children have their exams next week. So they have been preparing a lot.

g. The film is really wonderful. Have you watched it yet?

h. Sitaram has been painting his house all day. He has not finished it yet.

i. Finally, they have fixed the leakage in their roof.

j. I am so tired now. I have been working hard lately.




Writing I

A. Read the following paragraph about a popular footballer and answer the questions. |

a. Which sentence is the topic sentence of the paragraph?

Answer 👉 The topic sentence of the paragraph is: "English footballer David Beckham became a popular player in the late 1990s."

b. Are the other sentences related to the topic sentence?

Answer 👉 Yes, the other sentences are related to the topic sentence as they provide additional information about Beckham's popularity, his teams, his skills, his leadership, and his fan following.


c. Which sentence concludes the paragraph?

Answer 👉 The concluding sentence of the paragraph is: "He is still loved by many even after his retirement."


d. Arethetopicand concluding sentences similar or different?

Answer 👉 The topic and concluding sentences are different. The topic sentence introduces the main idea of the paragraph, which is Beckham's popularity and rise as a football player. The concluding sentence summarizes his continued popularity even after retirement.



B. Write a similar paragraph about your favorite player. Mark the topic, supporting and concluding sentences in your paragraph.

Answer 👉 Topic Sentence: Brazilian footballer Neymar Jr. is a widely recognized and admired player in the world of football.

Supporting Sentences: Neymar Jr. gained prominence while playing for Santos FC in Brazil, and later he joined FC Barcelona where he showcased exceptional skills and contributed to the team's success. Known for his dribbling ability, creativity, and goal-scoring prowess, Neymar Jr. has entertained football fans with his flair and trickery on the field. He has also represented the Brazilian national team in major tournaments and has been an integral part of their attacking lineup.

Concluding Sentence: Even with his transfer to Paris Saint-Germain (PSG), Neymar Jr.'s talent and popularity continue to captivate fans globally, solidifying his status as one of the most exciting and influential players in modern football.


The Popularity of Different Sports in the World

B. Choose the correct alternative and answer the questions.

Answer only 👉 

a. i. football and hockey

b. iii. India, Pakistan and Australia

c. ii. the number of players

d. i. baseball and cricket

e. i. Scotland

f. i. rounders and baseball


C. Answer these questions in short.

a. Mention any two reasons behind the popularity of sports ; in the world.

Two reasons behind the popularity of sports in the world are its ability to promote physical fitness and provide entertainment and recreation for people.


b. What do historical evidences say about the origin of football? 

Historical evidences suggest that early versions of football were played in ancient civilizations like China, Greece, and Rome. However, modern football as we know it today originated in England in the mid-19th century.


c. What is the main difference between cricket and baseball?

The main difference between cricket and baseball is the way the ball is thrown. In cricket, the ball is bowled towards the batsman, while in baseball, the ball is pitched by the pitcher towards the batter.


d. How is regular volleyball played?

Regular volleyball is played with two teams of six players each. The teams try to hit the ball over the net and land it in the opponent's court, while also trying to prevent the opponents from doing the same.


e. Who originated basketball and when?

Basketball was originated by Dr. James Naismith, a Canadian physical education instructor, in December 1891.


f. What risk is involved in rugby?

Rugby involves a higher risk of physical contact and tackling compared to many other sports. The players can experience injuries such as fractures, concussions, and sprains due to the physical nature of the game.


D. Rank the games mentioned in the text above in the order

Do yourself




Class 10 SEE English Guide | Unit - 10  Games and Sports





Grammar II

B. Complete the sentences below with the correct alternative from the brackets,.

Answer 👉 

a. People always admire this picture.

b. His leg was hurt in the accident. This is to say: He hurt his leg in the accident.

h. The bridge was built last year. The active voice of the statement is People built the bridge last year.

i. The field is being ploughed by the farmers. The farmers are ploughing the field.

j. How is a tiger trapped? The active voice of the statement is How do people trap a tiger?

k. "The teacher will help us." This statement has a passive voice as We will be helped by the teacher.

l. "The tiger should be preserved" is the passive voice of People should preserve the tiger.

m. The bird has built a nest. It means A nest has been built by the bird.



B. Complete the sentences below with the correct alternative from the brackets.

Answer only 👉 

a. People always admire this picture.

b. His leg was hurt in the accident. This is to say: He hurt his leg in the accident.

h. The bridge was built last year. The active voice of the statement is People built the bridge last year.

i. The field is being ploughed by the farmers. The farmers are ploughing the field.

j. How is a tiger trapped? The active voice of the statement is How do people trap a tiger?

k. "The teacher will help us." This statement has a passive voice as We will be helped by the teacher.

l. "The tiger should be preserved" is the passive voice of People should preserve the tiger.

m. The bird has built a nest. It means A nest has been built by the bird.



C. Change the sentences below into passive voice.

Answer only 👉 

a. The noise of the explosion could be heard from a distance.

b. The building ought to be broken down before it collapses.

c. Has the book been translated into any other language by him?

d. I am being driven to my home by people.

e. Can this problem be solved by anybody?

f. The ticket had to be booked in advance because of the festive season.

g. Whose bicycle might have been stolen by you?

h. It wasn't noticed by me that the class was being recorded by you.

i. The painting will be drawn beautifully by her.

j. Let my bike be repaired by the mechanic.

k. It is believed that the Mahabharata was fought in the 10th century BCE.



Writing II

Write a dialogue between you and your friend about the upcoming Sports Day/ Week in your school. Include the following points in your dialogue.

Answer 👉 

You: Hey! Have you heard about the upcoming Sports Day/Week in our school?

Friend: Yes, I did! I'm really excited about it. Do you know when and where it's going to take place?

You: It's scheduled to be held next week on Friday. The event will take place at the school sports ground.

Friend: That's great! I can't wait to participate. Do you know what types of events are planned for the Sports Day/Week?

You: There will be various events like track and field races, relay races, long jump, shot put, and even some fun team events like tug-of-war and sack race.

Friend: Sounds like a lot of fun! Who can participate in these events?

You: The Sports Day/Week is open to all students from different grades. Each grade will have representatives participating in the events.

Friend: That's inclusive! I'm definitely going to sign up for a few events. Are there any prizes for the winners?

You: Yes, there will be prizes awarded to the winners and runners-up in each event. It's a great motivation for everyone to give their best.

Friend: That's awesome! I hope I can win something. Do we have any special guests or ceremonies planned for the Sports Day/Week?

You: Yes, there will be a special guest who will inaugurate the event. We will also have an opening ceremony with a march past and the school band performing.

Friend: That's fantastic! It's going to be an exciting day. I'm really looking forward to it.

You: Me too! Let's start preparing and practicing for the events. It's going to be a memorable Sports Day/Week.

Friend: Absolutely! Let's give it our all and make our school proud.



Project work

Find information about a sport that you like the most. Then prepare a pamphlet about it. Include pictures, drawings and illustrations in the pamphlet.

Answer 👉 Title: Discover the Thrills of [Your Favorite Sport]

Introduction: Welcome to the fascinating world of [Your Favorite Sport]. Get ready to dive into an exhilarating experience that combines skill, strategy, and pure excitement. Whether you're a fan or aspiring athlete, this pamphlet will take you on a journey to explore the wonders of [Your Favorite Sport].

What is [Your Favorite Sport]? [Your Favorite Sport] is a dynamic and fast-paced sport that originated [mention the origin and brief history]. It is played by [number of players] players, each bringing their unique talents and abilities to the game. The objective is to [explain the main objective of the sport].

Key Features and Rules:

  1. [Feature 1]: Describe one key feature or rule of the sport, accompanied by a relevant picture or illustration.
  2. [Feature 2]: Highlight another important feature or rule, providing a visual representation to enhance understanding.
  3. [Feature 3]: Explain another distinctive aspect of the sport, using a combination of images and clear descriptions.

Benefits of Playing [Your Favorite Sport]: Playing [Your Favorite Sport] offers numerous benefits, both physically and mentally. Here are some of the advantages:

  1. [Benefit 1]: Describe a physical benefit of playing the sport and include an engaging image.
  2. [Benefit 2]: Discuss a mental or cognitive benefit, accompanied by an appropriate visual representation.
  3. [Benefit 3]: Highlight another advantage, emphasizing its positive impact on overall well-being.

Join the [Your Favorite Sport] Community: Become a part of the vibrant [Your Favorite Sport] community and unlock a world of opportunities:

  1. [Opportunity 1]: Describe a competitive or social aspect of the sport, encouraging readers to get involved.
  2. [Opportunity 2]: Highlight another avenue or opportunity related to the sport, supported by an appealing illustration.
  3. [Opportunity 3]: Mention another way individuals can engage with the sport, such as joining local clubs or attending events.

Conclusion: As you've discovered, [Your Favorite Sport] is an extraordinary sport that offers excitement, skill development, and a sense of camaraderie. Whether you're a player, spectator, or enthusiast, the world of [Your Favorite Sport] awaits your exploration. Take the plunge and embark on an unforgettable journey in the realm of [Your Favorite Sport]!

[Include pictures, drawings, and illustrations throughout the pamphlet to enhance visual appeal and aid comprehension]



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