Class 10 SEE English Guide | Unit - 16 Success and Celebration 2080

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 Class 10 English Guide

Unit - 16

Success and Celebration Guide

Walt Disney: An Example of Struggle and Sucess

A. Use the correct words/ phrases given below to complete the sentences.

Answer 👉 a. Kisan had to sell his house to keep his business afloat.

b. He was accused of plotting the robbery of the bank.

c. Scientists are trying to harness the sun's rays as a new source of energy.

d. Many companies went bankrupt during the economic depression.

e. Courage and perseverance are the keys to success in life.

f. The government had mounting pressure from the public to withdraw the bill.

g. After his graduation, he worked as an apprentice electrician in a company.

h. The government spent a colossal amount of money on the renovation of the historical buildings.

i. Kathy was brought up by an unkind stepmother.

j. Patrick took solace in the company of his mates.



B. Find the meaning of the following phrases/idioms from a dictionary and use them in sentences of your own.

Answer 👉 a. make ends meet: to have enough money to cover expenses; to manage financially

Example sentence: Despite having a low-paying job, Sarah works extra hours to make ends meet.

b. silver lining: a positive aspect or outcome in a negative or difficult situation

Example sentence: Although she lost her job, the silver lining was that it gave her the opportunity to pursue her passion.

c. nervous breakdown: a severe and sudden collapse in mental health

Example sentence: The stress of his demanding job led to a nervous breakdown.

d. kick in the teeth: a sudden and significant setback or disappointment

Example sentence: Losing the competition was a real kick in the teeth for him.

e. drop out: to withdraw or leave a school, program, or activity before completion

Example sentence: John decided to drop out of college and pursue a different career path.

f. set off: to start a journey or trip

Example sentence: We set off early in the morning to avoid traffic on the highway.


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C. The following sentences represent some events in Disney's | life. Study and rewrite them in chronological order.

Answer 👉 c. He returned to Chicago and worked as a trainee at an art studio.

g. Disney left home and went to France to work as an ambulance driver.

f. Disney suffered severe mental and emotional illness.

d. He created the characters, Oswald the Lucky Rabbit and Mickey Mouse.

e. The cartoon company collapsed.

a. He shifted his focus from big screens to television shows.

b. He successfully founded the famous Disneyland.


Revised chronological order:

  • Disney left home and went to France to work as an ambulance driver.
  • He returned to Chicago and worked as a trainee at an art studio.
  • Disney suffered severe mental and emotional illness.
  • He created the characters, Oswald the Lucky Rabbit and Mickey Mouse.
  • The cartoon company collapsed.
  • He shifted his focus from big screens to television shows.
  • He successfully founded the famous Disneyland.



D. Answer these questions.

a. How was Walt Disney's childhood?

Disney's family background was modest. He grew up in a middle-class family in Chicago, and his parents supported his artistic pursuits.

b. Describe Disney's family background.

Disney's family background was modest. He grew up in a middle-class family in Chicago, and his parents supported his artistic pursuits.

c. What did Disney do after his failure in the first business?

After his failure in the first business, Disney moved to Hollywood and started the Disney Brothers Studio with his brother Roy. They focused on creating animated films and cartoons.

d. How was the character of Mickey Mouse created?

The character of Mickey Mouse was created by Walt Disney himself. He wanted to create a new character to replace Oswald the Lucky Rabbit, who he lost the rights to. Mickey Mouse was inspired by a pet mouse Disney had kept in his office.

e. Why did Disney have a mental breakdown?

Disney had a mental breakdown due to the stress and pressure he faced during the financial struggles of his early career. The collapse of his first animation studio, combined with personal and financial difficulties, took a toll on his mental health.

f. Which of his films were commercially useless?

Some of Disney's early films, such as "Alice Comedies" and "Laugh-O-Grams," were commercially unsuccessful and did not generate significant profits.

g. Which films produced him great financial returns?

Films like "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs," "Cinderella," and "The Lion King" produced great financial returns for Disney.

h. Why do you think the opening of Disneyland was called ‘Black Sunday’?

The opening of Disneyland was called 'Black Sunday' because it faced several challenges and setbacks, including overcrowding, technical difficulties, and negative reviews from the press. It was initially seen as a failure, but it eventually turned into a successful venture.

i. Whatspecial quality of Disney made him finally a successful entrepreneur?   

Disney's special quality that made him a successful entrepreneur was his creativity, imagination, and persistence. He had a visionary approach to storytelling and entertainment, constantly pushing boundaries and innovating in the field of animation.

j. What lesson do you learn from Disney’s life?

One lesson we can learn from Disney's life is the importance of resilience and perseverance. Despite facing numerous failures and setbacks, Disney never gave up on his dreams and continued to work hard towards achieving his goals. His determination and belief in his ideas eventually led him to great success.



E. Who has inspired you significantly in your life? Share her/his life story to the class.

One notable figure who has inspired countless individuals is Mahatma Gandhi. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, commonly known as Mahatma Gandhi, was a political and spiritual leader in India during the Indian independence movement. His life story is a testament to the power of nonviolent resistance and his unwavering commitment to justice and equality.

Gandhi was born in 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat, India, and he grew up in a middle-class family. He studied law in London and then worked as a lawyer in South Africa. It was during his time in South Africa that Gandhi witnessed and experienced racial discrimination and injustice, which deeply impacted him and ignited his passion for social change.

Returning to India, Gandhi became a prominent leader in the fight for India's independence from British colonial rule. He championed the philosophy of nonviolence, known as Satyagraha, and led various peaceful protests, such as the Salt March and the Quit India Movement. His principles of civil disobedience and nonviolent resistance inspired millions of Indians to join the struggle for independence.

Gandhi's life was not without challenges and sacrifices. He faced numerous imprisonments and underwent hunger strikes to protest against violence and injustice. Throughout his life, he advocated for communal harmony, religious tolerance, and the upliftment of marginalized sections of society, including untouchables and women.

Gandhi's influence extended far beyond India. He became a symbol of peace and a source of inspiration for civil rights leaders and activists around the world, including Martin Luther King Jr., Nelson Mandela, and Aung San Suu Kyi.

Sadly, Gandhi was assassinated on January 30, 1948, but his legacy lives on. His teachings on nonviolence, truth, and equality continue to resonate with people seeking social justice and positive change.

The life of Mahatma Gandhi serves as a powerful example of how one individual can make a profound impact on the world through their actions and beliefs. His unwavering commitment to nonviolence and his vision of a just society continue to inspire generations to strive for peace, equality, and social harmony.


Grammar I

A. Choose the correct prepositions and complete the sentences.

Answer 👉 a. B: I reached sometime between 9:00 to 9:15 am.

b. I usually stay in my office from 10 am to 4 pm.

c. You should finish your test in the next 30 minutes.

d. Noor worked in the hotel from 2010.

e. I have been looking for my spectacles. I don't remember where I kept them.

f. M Shahi has ten members working under him.

g. There is a knock at the door. Who can be calling us now?

Correct answer: ii. at

h. Kiritika is in her twenties.

Correct answer: ii. in

i. There is a great deal of violence in some countries.

Correct answer: i. of

j. Their discussion turned into an unpleasant quarrel.

Correct answer: ii. into



B. Complete the sentences with in, on, or at.

Answer 👉 

a. Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius.

b. Last year, we went on a trip to National Botanical Garden, Godawari from our school.

c. Can you turn the light on, please? I don’t want to sit in the dark.

d. She was married at the young age of 20.

e. Science and technology has developed at a great pace.

f. In my opinion, violent films should be banned for children.

g. I heard the news on the radio this morning.

h. My father is not at home at the moment.





Class 10 SEE English Guide | Unit - 16  Success and Celebration

Writing I

A. Imagine that your school football team has won the title of ‘Inter-school Football Tournament’ organised by the District Sports Development Committee. 

Answer 👉 Congratulations to our school football team on winning the title of the 'Inter-school Football Tournament' organized by the District Sports Development Committee!

We are incredibly proud of the team's remarkable achievement and their outstanding performance throughout the tournament. Their dedication, teamwork, and perseverance have brought honor to our school and showcased their exceptional talent.

This victory is a testament to their hard work, relentless training, and unwavering spirit. The team's commitment to excellence and their passion for the sport have paid off in the most remarkable way. They have not only emerged as champions but also as an inspiration to all aspiring athletes in our school.

We extend our heartfelt gratitude to the players, coaches, and all the support staff who have contributed to this remarkable success. Their guidance, expertise, and relentless efforts have played a pivotal role in shaping the team's success.

We also express our gratitude to the District Sports Development Committee for organizing such a competitive tournament and providing a platform for our students to showcase their skills.

Once again, congratulations to our school football team on this momentous achievement. Your victory brings pride and joy to our entire school community. We wish you continued success in all your future endeavors, both on and off the field.

Go Team! Go [School Name]!

Principal/Headmaster



B. Your maternal uncle has recently been promoted to the post of Inspector of Nepal Police. Write a letter of congratulation extending him your best wishes.
Answer 👉 
[Your Name]
[Your Address]
[City, Postal Code]
[Date]

[Maternal Uncle's Name]
[His Address]
[City, Postal Code]

Dear Maternal Uncle,

I am overjoyed to hear the wonderful news of your promotion to the post of Inspector in the Nepal Police. Please accept my heartfelt congratulations on this well-deserved achievement. Your dedication, hard work, and commitment have truly paid off, and I couldn't be prouder of you.

From the time I was a child, I have always admired your passion for justice and your unwavering commitment to serving and protecting others. Your promotion is a testament to your outstanding skills, exceptional leadership qualities, and the respect you have earned from your colleagues and superiors.

I have no doubt that you will excel in your new role as Inspector and continue to make a positive impact in upholding the law and ensuring the safety of our community. Your integrity, professionalism, and strong sense of duty are an inspiration to us all.

As you embark on this new chapter of your career, I extend my best wishes to you. May you find fulfillment and satisfaction in your work, and may each day bring you new opportunities to make a difference. Your promotion is not just a recognition of your past accomplishments but also a testament to your potential for even greater success in the future.

Please convey my heartfelt congratulations to Aunt and the rest of the family. They must be incredibly proud of your achievements. I look forward to celebrating this milestone with all of you and hearing more about your experiences as an Inspector.

Once again, congratulations on this remarkable accomplishment. I have no doubt that you will continue to shine and make us all proud. Wishing you all the best in your new role and for a successful and fulfilling career ahead.

With warmest regards,

[Your Name]



Reading II

Answer these questions.
A. Match the following words/phrases with their correct meanings.
Answer 👉 
a. unforgiving - h. not giving a second chance; not happening again
b. virtue - iii. behaviour showing high moral standards
c. sinew - vi. a strong band of tissues in the body
d. pitch-and-toss - v. a game of skill and chance
e. worn-out - ii. badly damaged and no longer useful
f. stoop - ix. to bend the body forwards and downwards
g. knave - viii. a person who cheats by pretending to be somebody else
h. triumph - iv. a great success, achievement or victory
i. impostor - i. a dishonest person



B. Complete the summary of the poem using the given words/ phrases.
Answer 👉 
In 'If,' Rudyard Kipling provides inspirational insights into life. In the first stanza, the poet suggests us to keep calm, have self-trust, and bear failure. According to the poet, it is important to be thoughtful about an action before undertaking it. Similarly, balancing between success and failure is another important quality of a successful person. In the third stanza, the poet suggests us to value our winnings. We must devote our intellect, heart, and muscle in the work we do, and we should always have a strong will to achieve success. In the final stanza, the poet suggests us to maintain our virtue no matter who we are with. Most importantly, we must realize the importance of time.



C. Answer the following questions.
a. What does the poet suggest about dealing with lies?
The poet suggests that we should not deal in lies and should not be affected or influenced by lies spoken about us. We should remain truthful and not allow lies to define us.

b. What do you mean by ‘not be tired by waiting'?
"Not be tired by waiting" means that we should have patience and perseverance even in situations where we have to wait for something. We should not become weary or impatient but remain steadfast in our waiting.

c. Why should we not aim only to dream in life?
The poet suggests that we should not only dream but also take action. Merely dreaming without taking steps towards achieving those dreams will not lead to success. We should not make dreams our sole focus, but rather combine dreaming with practical thinking and actions.

d. How do you think we can achieve our dream?
We can achieve our dreams by having a strong will, perseverance, and dedication. Taking consistent action towards our goals, staying motivated, and learning from failures are important steps towards achieving our dreams.

e. What can knaves do to us?
Knaves can twist the truth we have spoken to make traps for fools. They can manipulate and deceive, using our words against us for their own malicious purposes.

f. Why should we forget our failures in life?
Forgetting our failures in life is important because dwelling on them can hinder our progress and hold us back from moving forward. By letting go of our failures, we can focus on learning from them and making improvements for future endeavors.

g. What should we do if we lose the ‘pitch-and-toss'?

If we lose in the 'pitch-and-toss,' which refers to taking risks or gambling, we should not be disheartened. Instead, we should start again from the beginning without dwelling on the loss. The poet encourages us to be resilient and not let losses discourage us from taking further risks or pursuing our goals.



Grammar Il Complete the sentences below with the correct prepositional phrases from the box.
Answer 👉 
a. The accident took place as the bus and the lorry collided with each other.

b. Amin is brilliant at playing the violin.

c. Mr. Sharma is not interested in politics.

d. The criminal who took the lives of five is still at large.

e. I cannot contact him. His phone is out of reach.

f. The concert went out of hand. They had to call the police to take control of the situation.

g. Sanskriti is on a diet these days for fear that she will put on weight.

h. I cannot talk to you now. I am in a hurry.

i. Even though the plane had to take an emergency landing, all the passengers on board were safe and sound.

j. Would you like to make the payment in cash by the cheque?



Writing II

Many people opine that we should not be discouraged by our failures in life. We should rather take our failures as an opportunity to correct our mistakes and achieve success next time. Draft a speech on ‘Failure as Pillar of Success’. Include relevant examples from renowned and successful personalities in the world.
Answer 👉 

Ladies and gentlemen, honored guests, and fellow students,

Today, I stand before you to shed light on a topic that is often overlooked but holds immense significance in our lives: the role of failure as a pillar of success. It is a commonly held belief that failure is something to be feared and avoided at all costs. However, I am here to challenge that notion and present to you the transformative power of failure in shaping our journey towards success.

Failure is not the end, but rather a stepping stone towards greatness. Throughout history, we have witnessed countless examples of individuals who faced failure head-on and emerged stronger, wiser, and more determined than ever before. Take, for instance, the renowned inventor Thomas Edison. He once said, "I have not failed. I've just found 10,000 ways that won't work." Despite encountering numerous setbacks while inventing the electric light bulb, Edison never gave up. His perseverance and resilience eventually led to one of the greatest inventions of our time.

Another inspiring example is that of the legendary basketball player Michael Jordan. Widely regarded as one of the greatest athletes in history, Jordan faced numerous failures and rejections early in his career. He was even cut from his high school basketball team. However, he used those setbacks as motivation to work harder, practice longer, and develop his skills. Jordan went on to win six NBA championships and became an icon of determination and success.

Failure provides us with valuable lessons and insights that success alone cannot offer. It teaches us humility, resilience, and the importance of continuous improvement. When we fail, we are forced to reevaluate our strategies, identify our weaknesses, and develop new approaches. This process of self-reflection and growth is instrumental in our personal and professional development.

Moreover, failure often opens doors to new opportunities that we may have otherwise overlooked. J.K. Rowling, the author of the Harry Potter series, faced rejection from numerous publishers before finding success. It was through these rejections that she discovered her true potential and eventually found a publisher who recognized the brilliance of her work. Today, Rowling's books have sold millions of copies worldwide and have inspired a generation of readers.




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