Class 10 SEE English Guide | Unit-6 Foos & Cusine

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 Class 10 SEE English Guide 

Unit-6 

Foos & Cusine Guide 2080

Strange Foods From Around The World

A. Match the words with their meanings.

a. ferment - ii. to go through a chemical change

b. squid- iii. a sea creature that has a long soft body, eight arms and two tentacles around its mouth

c. witchetty- i. a large whitish wood-eating larva of a beetle or moth

d. myrtle- vi. a bush with shiny leaves, pink or white flowers and blue-black berries

e. congeal- iv. to change from a fluid to a solid state

f. nutty - v. having a flavor like that of nuts



B. The idiom 'a bridge too far' in the text means 'something that is too extreme'. Match the following idioms with their meanings.

a. get out of hand- iv. to become difficult to control

b. miss the boat - v. to be too late to get what you want

c. break the ice- i. to say or do something to make people feel comfortable

d. cry over spilt milk- iii. to worry over past events which cannot be changed

e. look before you leap- ii. to think about the possible bad results of an action before doing it



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C. Complete the sentences below with the correct information from the text in not more than four words.

a. Sometimes even having food can give us the feeling of winning when it is like taking a risk.

b. When we travel we have the chance to try strange dishes which we even do not think of eating.

c. The writer became disappointed while having fermented horse milk in Mongolia which was really bad.

d. The writer's impression of Japanese food is favourable (not mentioned in the text).

e. Many people think of jellyfish as scary ones which the Chinese turn into food.

f. Snails become very tasty when they are fried with plenty of garlic and butter.



D. Answer the following questions.

a. Why does food become a challenge for people when they travel?

πŸ‘‰ Food becomes a challenge for people when they travel because they may encounter new types of food that they are not accustomed to or may have difficulty finding familiar foods.


b. How is haggis prepared?

πŸ‘‰ Haggis is prepared by grinding up the less desirable parts of a sheep, such as the heart, liver, and lungs, and mixing it with mutton fat, oatmeal, and spices. The mixture is then packed into a sheep's stomach and boiled for several hours.


c. When do you feel that you like shiokara?

πŸ‘‰ I feel that I like shiokara when the writer suggests that enjoying shiokara with good conversation can enhance the experience and make it more enjoyable.


d. Where can people enjoy the bush food?

πŸ‘‰ People can enjoy the bush food in Australia.


e. Why does the writer find it difficult to eat larger insects?

πŸ‘‰ The writer finds it difficult to eat larger insects because they require more than one bite to consume, which makes it challenging for him.


f. Name the country where snails are served as the main dish.

πŸ‘‰ Snails are served as the main dish in France.


g. What kind of food is bun rieu?

πŸ‘‰ Bun rieu is a crab-based traditional Vietnamese noodle soup.


h. If you have to choose one of the foods from the list above, which one do you choose? Why?

πŸ‘‰ I choose bun rieu because it is a flavorful and savory soup that incorporates a variety of delicious ingredients, including noodles, crab, pork, and vegetables.




E. Which of the dishes mentioned in the text did you find the strangest of all? Give reasons.

πŸ‘‰ Answer update soon.




Grammar I
A. Match the sentence halves in I and II to make a complete sentence.
Answer πŸ‘‰
a. I bought a raincoat and an umbrella- because the monsoon started.

b. I won't be able to get to school on time- as I'm stuck in traffic.

c. The Nepali cricket team is likely to perform well in this tournament- because they have got the best coach ever.

d. The construction company has deployed more workers at the site-so that they can complete the construction in time.

e. We've decided not to go on holiday this year-since the movie was a hit.

f. The metropolitan city has planted trees at the side of the road- to reduce traffic noise.

g. The flight had been delayed- because of the bad weather.

h. We've put a table and chair in the spare bedroom- so that Samip can get to study in private.

i. Nisha went to visit her sister- since she didn't have to go to her office yesterday.

j. We had to queue for two hours- in order to utilise the time for planting paddy.



B. Complete the text below choosing the correct connective from the brackets. 
The people at the fair were leaving (because/ but) the lights were
Answer πŸ‘‰
The people at the fair were leaving because the lights were going out. The last two people in dodgem cars also left as it was getting dark. The big wheel stopped and the merry-go-round had already stopped. The stalls closed down, and the stall-owners went home. At 2 a.m., four nightwatchmen walked round the funfair to see if there was anyone to be seen. "I'm fed up walking around," one of them said, "What can we do so that there is nothing we can do?" "We can sit and talk." They were bored because there was nothing to do on that quiet warm night. "We can have a ride on the merry-go-round!" one of them cried. "That'll be fun!" Three of them jumped on merry-go-round horses, so the fourth started the motor. Then he jumped on too, and round they went. They were having the time of their lives. Suddenly they realized there was no one to stop the machine, so all of them were on it. They weren't rescued till morning, as they felt very sick indeed!



Writing I

B. What is your favourite food? Write a recipe to prepare it. Mention the ingredients and the methods to cook it.

My favorite food is spaghetti carbonara. Here's a recipe to prepare it:

Ingredients:

  • 8 ounces (225 grams) spaghetti
  • 4 slices of bacon, diced
  • 2 cloves of garlic, minced
  • 2 large eggs
  • 1/2 cup grated Parmesan cheese
  • Salt and black pepper to taste
  • Fresh parsley, chopped (for garnish)

Instructions:

  1. Cook the spaghetti in a large pot of salted boiling water according to the package instructions until al dente. Drain the pasta and set it aside.

  2. In a large skillet, cook the diced bacon over medium heat until crispy. Remove the bacon from the skillet and set it aside, leaving the bacon drippings in the skillet.

  3. In the same skillet, add the minced garlic to the bacon drippings and sautΓ© for about a minute until fragrant.

  4. In a mixing bowl, whisk together the eggs and grated Parmesan cheese until well combined. Season with salt and black pepper to taste.

  5. Add the cooked spaghetti to the skillet with the garlic and bacon drippings, tossing to coat the spaghetti evenly.

  6. Remove the skillet from heat and slowly pour the egg and cheese mixture over the spaghetti, stirring quickly to combine. The heat from the spaghetti will cook the eggs and create a creamy sauce.

  7. Return the skillet to low heat and continue to toss the spaghetti until the sauce thickens slightly and coats the pasta. Be careful not to overcook the eggs, as they can scramble.

  8. Stir in the crispy bacon pieces, reserving some for garnish.

  9. Remove the skillet from heat and transfer the spaghetti carbonara to serving plates. Sprinkle with the reserved bacon pieces and fresh parsley for garnish.

  10. Serve immediately and enjoy your delicious homemade spaghetti carbonara!

Note: You can customize the recipe by adding cooked peas, mushrooms, or other ingredients of your choice to enhance the flavor and texture.





Class 10 SEE English Guide 
Unit-6 
Foos & Cusine Guide 2080


You Inspire Others By Learning Not By Teaching

SUMMARY
The power of learning and personal growth is what truly inspires others, rather than simply teaching them. Santosh Shah, a talented Nepali chef, has proven this through his remarkable journey and recent achievement as a semifinalist on the popular TV show, MasterChef: The Professionals 2020, aired on BBC One. In a recent interview with Nepali Times, Shah shared insights into his upbringing and how his passion for culinary arts has shaped his life.

Hailing from Siraha, Nepal, Shah's beginnings were humble. At the tender age of 10, he started working at a hotel in Ahmedabad, where his role initially involved washing dishes. However, fate had something more extraordinary in store for him. The executive chef recognized Shah's potential and granted him an opportunity to step into the kitchen and explore the art of cooking. With determination and relentless effort, Shah honed his skills over the years, eventually rising to the esteemed position of an executive chef himself.

Seeking new challenges and growth, Shah ventured to the United Kingdom, where he currently resides and continues to pursue his culinary passion. What sets Shah apart is his unwavering curiosity and willingness to take risks. He believes that constantly questioning, "What is next?" has been instrumental in his journey. Shah's drive to continuously learn and improve is evident, as he refuses to settle for complacency. He finds fulfillment in acknowledging how far he has come, attributing his progress to the risks he has taken along the way.

Participating in MasterChef has provided Shah with a remarkable platform to showcase Nepali cuisine to the world. He recognizes the significance of this opportunity and is excited to introduce the unique flavors and culinary traditions of Nepal to a global audience. Through his participation, Shah aims to break barriers, promote cultural diversity, and inspire aspiring chefs to embrace their passion for cooking.


A. Complete the crossword puzzle with the help of the meanings given below.

ACROSS

3.a method of cooking meat or other food in a cylindrical clay oven- tandoori

7. a person having administrative or supervisory power in an organization- executive


DOWN

1. a long pin for holding meat or other food while it is being roasted- skewer

2. the whole of something- entirety

4. a feeling of pleasure and sometimes slight sadness at the same time as you think about things in the past- nostalgia

5. raise to a more important or impressive level- elevate

6. remove water from (food) in order to preserve and store it- dehydrate



B. Write True for true and False for false statements. If the information is not given in the text, write NG.

Answer πŸ‘‰ 

a. The interview was taken in Nepal. - False

b. The judges were quite impressed by Santosh Shah's performance in the quarter-finals. - NG

c. Santosh Shah was from a well-to-do family. - False

d. With the support of the chef in the tandoor section, Santosh started helping the Executive Chef. - False

e. The journey of Santosh to MasterChef was full of struggles. - NG

f. Santosh is hopeful about the Nepali food market as the food trends are dynamic. - True

g. Santosh has made more experiments on food as the tastes of people differ geographically. - False

h. Santosh feels sorry for serving octopus in Nepali style. - False




C. Answer these questions.

a. What do you think is the reason that heightened the popularity of Chef Shah?

Answer πŸ‘‰ Chef Santosh Shah's creative fusion of Nepali cuisine with global flavors and techniques and his impressive performance in MasterChef UK heightened his popularity.


b. Did Shah spend a normal childhood? Why?

Answer πŸ‘‰ No, Chef Shah did not have a normal childhood. He had to face financial struggles and work from a young age to support his family.


c. How does Shah feel about his performance in Cinnamon Kitchen?

Answer πŸ‘‰ Chef Shah feels satisfied and proud of his performance in Cinnamon Kitchen.


d. What does Shah want to show the world about Nepali food?

Answer πŸ‘‰ Chef Shah wants to show the diversity and richness of Nepali cuisine to the world and promote it as a cuisine of its own rather than just an extension of Tibetan and Indian cuisine.


e. Write two things that Chef Shah was careful about while carrying an experiment on sukuti.

Answer πŸ‘‰ Two things that Chef Shah was careful about while carrying an experiment on sukuti (dried meat) were dehydrating it to soften its texture, and preservation of the original test.


f. According to Shah, what two things make a person successful?

Answer πŸ‘‰ According to Shah, two things make a person successful are continuous learning and being a positive influence on others.


g. Why does Shah want the Michelin Star for Ayla?

Answer πŸ‘‰ Shah wants the Michelin Star for Ayla because it is the Oscar equivalent for Chefs which would further help to elevate the profile of Nepali cuisine globally.


h. What have you learnt from the life story of Santosh Shah?

Answer πŸ‘‰ From the life story of Santosh Shah, I have learned several lessons. Firstly, hard work, determination, and passion can help a person overcome difficult circumstances and achieve success in life. Secondly, it is essential to continue learning and experimenting to grow and improve in one's craft. Thirdly, staying true to one's roots and culture can be a source of inspiration and creativity. Lastly, giving back to society and being a positive force to others can be rewarding as personal success.




D. Chef Shah cooked many dishes in the competition. If you were one of the judges in the competition, which food would you ask him to cook? Why?

Answer πŸ‘‰ 

If I were one of the judges in the competition, I would specifically request Chef Shah to prepare Momo, a beloved Nepali dumpling that has gained popularity not only in Nepal but also in various countries worldwide. Momo is known for its delectable taste and is typically served with a tangy tomato-based chutney or a flavorful sesame-based sauce.

Selecting Momo as the dish for Chef Shah to cook would allow him to showcase his culinary expertise and unleash his creativity as a chef. The preparation of momo demands precision and skill to achieve the perfect balance of flavors and textures. From the delicate and thin outer dough layer to the savory and juicy filling, creating momo requires attention to detail and mastery of the technique.

Moreover, Momo has gained international recognition and has become a favorite among food enthusiasts globally. By asking Chef Shah to prepare this iconic dish, it would provide an excellent opportunity to introduce Nepali cuisine to new audiences and showcase its unique flavors and culinary traditions.

Chef Shah's expertise in elevating the flavors and presentation of momo would captivate the judges and the viewers, as he infuses his personal touch and innovative techniques into this beloved Nepali delicacy. His culinary skills and ability to experiment with ingredients and flavors would truly shine through in his interpretation of Momo.

In summary, if I had the privilege of being a judge in the competition, I would undoubtedly request Chef Shah to prepare Momo. This dish not only reflects his skills and creativity as a chef but also allows him to share the delights of Nepali cuisine with a broader audience, fostering an appreciation for the rich culinary heritage of Nepal.




Grammar II
A. Choose the correct time expressions in the sentences below.
Answer πŸ‘‰ 
a. The boys are playing cricket (already/now).
The boys are playing cricket now.

b. The doctors are preparing a report for their most important patient (last/this) week.
The doctors are preparing a report for their most important patient this week.

c. The students are preparing for a test (at the moment/usually).
The students are preparing for a test at the moment.


d. (Currently / Sometimes) the economists are working on the country's financial crisis.
Currently the economists are working on the country's financial crisis.

e. Susan is playing tennis with Tim (now/then).
Susan is playing tennis with Tim now.

f. What are you doing (this/next) afternoon? What are you doing this afternoon?

g. My teacher is helping us with Maths problem (that/this) morning.
My teacher is helping us with Maths problem this morning.

h. The guard is ringing the bell (now / soon). It's time to go!
The guard is ringing the bell now. It's time to go!

i. She is (still/yet) mowing the lawn. She is still mowing the lawn.





B. Write NOW if the sentence uses present continuous for action at the moment. AROUND, if action is around the current moment. or FUTURE. if the action is scheduled for future.
Answer πŸ‘‰ 
a. The local governments are announcing their policies this month. (AROUND)

b. I think Mr. Rai is taking class at the moment. (NOW)

c. We're meeting with Nabina later today. (FUTURE)

d. I'm looking for a new job currently. (NOW)

e. We're organizing a programme on Wednesday. (FUTURE)

f. They are coming home right now. (NOW)

g. Mom is making dinner for us tonight. (FUTURE)

h. I'm sorry I don't have time. I'm attending a meeting. (NOW)

i. She's looking for a new home as she's sold the old one. (NOW)



C. Complete the text below with the correct form of the verb given in the brackets.
Answer πŸ‘‰ 
Why is Neelam smiling? It sounds like an easy question: she is having a good time with friends and she feels good after a good shot. But psychologists often argue about this question. Some believe that smiling is an individual act: we smile because we feel happy unless we are trying to hide our emotions. Others claim that we smile to build social relationships. Some animals use a grin to show that they will not fight, for example. Perhaps our smile serves the same function. So, who's right? In one study, researchers filmed people bowling. If you watch people doing a very social activity like this, it looks as if they always smile. They stop smiling only when they concentrate on their next shot. But when do they start smiling again? After each good shot, the researchers took photographs to identify when the smile starts — while the player is still looking down the alley or a few seconds later when they turn round to share their happiness with the group.





Writing II

Nowadays, many Nepali prefer fast foods like noodles, pizza, burger, etc. to typical Nepali foods. This has an adverse effects on their health, To what extent do you agree or disagree with this claim? Write a couple of paragraphs giving reasons to support your view.
Answer πŸ‘‰ In today's society, it is undeniable that many Nepalis have developed a preference for fast foods such as noodles, pizza, and burgers over traditional Nepali cuisine. While this shift in dietary preferences may offer convenience and novelty, I strongly disagree with the notion that it is without adverse effects on their health.

Firstly, fast foods are often high in unhealthy fats, sugars, and sodium, which can lead to a range of health issues. Regular consumption of these foods can contribute to weight gain, obesity, and an increased risk of chronic diseases such as diabetes, heart disease, and hypertension. Moreover, fast foods are typically low in essential nutrients, vitamins, and minerals that are vital for maintaining good health. By consistently choosing fast foods over nutritious Nepali meals, individuals may be depriving themselves of the balanced diet necessary for optimal well-being.

Additionally, the cultural and culinary heritage of Nepal should not be overlooked or undervalued. Nepali cuisine offers a rich variety of flavorful and nutritious dishes that have been enjoyed for generations. Traditional Nepali foods often incorporate a diverse range of ingredients, including vegetables, lentils, grains, and spices, which provide a wholesome and well-rounded nutritional profile. By neglecting these local culinary traditions in favor of fast foods, individuals may be missing out on the unique flavors and health benefits that come with consuming traditional Nepali meals.





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