Class 10 SEE English Guide | Unit - 3 Health and Wellness 2080

Book Soluction Nepal

Class 10 SEE English Guide

Unit - 3

 Health and Wellness Guide

A Letter from a Patient
A. Match the words with their meanings.
a. nightmare - iii. a very unpleasant or frightening experience

b. pediatric - iv. Relating to the medical care of children

c. intravenous - v. into or connected to a vein

d. priority - ii. a thing that is regarded as more important

e. medications - i. treatment

f. confidante - someone to whom secrets or private matters are confided, often a close friend or advisor

B. Write True for true and False for false statements.
a. The sender of the letter was happy with the service of the health workers. False

b. The staff of different departments in the hospital had harmonious relationships with each other. False

c. The hospital staff were concerned with the requirements of the sick child. False

d. The staff of the hospital shared their personal feelings with the writer. False

e. The chart was unclear about the patient's gender. True

f. The author took the mistakes of the health workers normally. False

g. The writer seems to be more sincere in her duty than the hospital staff. True

C. Answer the following questions.
a. What was the nightmare for the author?
The nightmare for the author was her nine-week-old baby developing an extremely high fever and needing to be hospitalized.

b. What do you think the primary purpose of this letter is?
The main purpose of this letter is to express the author's frustration and disappointment with the hospital staff's lack of empathy and professionalism.

c. According to the author, what was the main weakness of the hospital staff?
According to the author, the main weakness of the hospital staff was their lack of empathy towards patients and their families.

d. Did the nurses really say 'Your daughter is not a priority'? Why did the author think so?
No, the nurses did not actually say "Your daughter is not a priority." The author interpreted their statement of "I am so busy today" as an implication that her daughter's care was not a priority. The author felt this way because she believed the nurses were using their busyness as an excuse for not providing timely care for her daughter.

e. What do the patients and their families expect from the health workers?
The patients and their families expect the health workers to prioritize their care and work towards restoring their health.

f. List the questions that the author was asked frequently in the hospital?
The author was frequently asked the following questions in the hospital:
i. Was her daughter premature?
ii. Was your delivery normal?

g. Why did the health workers make a gender error about the author's daughter?
The health workers made a gender error about the author's daughter because her daughter spent her time in the hospital wearing only a diaper.

h. According to the author, how do people perceive the career of health workers?
According to the author, people perceive the career of health workers as a noble and respected profession, but their behaviour towards patients and their families can greatly impact their perception.

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D. If you become a health worker in the future, what would be your priority? How would you treat your patients and their families?
Answer👉 If I become a health worker in the future, my priority would be to provide compassionate and patient-centered care. I would treat my patients and their families with empathy, respect, and dignity. I would strive to create a safe and trusting environment where patients feel comfortable expressing their concerns and asking questions. I would actively listen to their needs, involve them in decision-making, and provide clear explanations about their conditions and treatment options. I would prioritize holistic care, addressing not only physical health but also considering their emotional, mental, and social well-being. I would collaborate with other healthcare professionals to ensure coordinated and comprehensive care. Additionally, I would emphasize health education and empower patients and their families with knowledge and skills to make informed decisions about their health. Overall, my approach would be centered around building strong therapeutic relationships, promoting patient autonomy, and delivering high-quality care that improves health outcomes and enhances the overall patient experience.

B. Change the following sentences into indirect speech. The beginning of each sentence is given.
a. "Please, help me fix this machine."
She requested I help her fix the machine.

b. "Please, don't switch on the fan?"
The electrician requested me not to switch on the fan.

c. "Help me with my homework, please."
My friend requested me to help his homework.

d. "Lend me some money, please,"
She requested to lend her some money.

e. "Do your homework!"
The teacher told me to do my homework.

f. "Don't smoke!" The doctor advised him not to smoke.

g. "Don't make a mess!"
My mother told me not to make a mess.

Class 10 SEE English Guide
Unit - 3
 Health and Wellness Guide

Writing I
The letter in Reading I talks about different weaknesses of the health care workers in a hospital. Imagine you are one of the staff of the hospital. Now, write an email to the patient's mother apologising for your behaviour. Assure her that there will be improvement in the services your hospital provides.
Letter or Email writing
The letter in Reading I talks about different weaknesses of the health care workers in a hospital. Imagine you are one of the staff of the hospital. Now, write an email to the patient's mother apologising for your behaviour. Assure her that there will be an improvement in the services your hospital provides.

Subject: Apology for your unpleasant experience during your hospital stay

Dear Sarah,

I am writing this email to apologize for the experience that you and your daughter had during your stay at our hospital. We are deeply sorry for the shortcomings in the services we provided during your time here.

We understand that as healthcare workers, our primary responsibility is to provide the best possible care to our patients. However, we fell short of your expectations and for that, we are truly sorry.

We acknowledge the fact that we made mistakes and we take full responsibility for them. Please rest assured that we are taking immediate steps to rectify our shortcomings and to ensure that such incidents do not occur in the future.

As a hospital staff member, I can assure you that we are committed to providing the highest level of care to our patients. We understand the trust that you have placed in us and we are determined to live up to your expectations.

Once again, we apologize for any inconvenience or discomfort that you and your daughter experienced during your stay at our hospital. We hope that you will give us another opportunity to serve you and demonstrate our commitment to excellence in health care.


Ram Nepal

A Healthy Diet for a Healthy Life
A. Consult a dictionary or the internet and define the following words/phrases.
a. Wonderfood: A term used to describe a food item that is believed to have exceptional nutritional or health benefits.

b. Cardiovascular disease: A group of diseases that affect the heart and blood vessels, including conditions such as heart attacks, stroke, and coronary artery disease.

c. Bioeconomy: An economic system that uses biological resources such as crops, forests, and marine resources to produce goods and services.

d. Demographic change: A shift in the characteristics of a population over time, such as changes in age, gender, race, or ethnic composition.

e. Multidisciplinary approach: An approach to problem-solving or research that involves experts from multiple fields or disciplines working together to achieve a common goal.

f. Economic inequalities: Differences in income, wealth, and access to resources and opportunities that exist between different individuals, groups, or countries.

g. Neurological disorders: A broad category of disorders that affect the nervous system, including conditions such as Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, and epilepsy.

h. Biomarkers: Biological indicators that can be used to measure a particular process or condition in the body, such as the presence of a disease or the effectiveness of a treatment.

B. Complete the sentences below with one of the words in red from the text above.
a. The children were especially delighted that there were enough cookies for each of them to have two.

b. The organization held its annual conference in New York this year. The health ministers of more than forty countries attended it.

c. It is an innovation that makes any organization a successful one.

d. Your life changes dramatically if you perform well in your study.

e. Mr. Gurung is leaving the job because of cardiovascular disease.

f. Early diagnosis of a disease helps us to cure it soon.

g. We have faced an unprecedented level of climate change at present.

h. The patient may need blood work or other biomarkers to determine his specific health problem.

i. The world looked for different multidisciplinary approaches to find the solution to COVID-19.

C. Choose the best alternatives to complete the following sentences.
a. The greatest public health challenge at present is ………………….
Answer👉 iii. obesity.

b. The Joint Programming Initiative will bring the ………………………
Answer👉 iv. Knowledge of member states together.

c. The health care innovation chain begins from ………………….
Answer👉 i. researchers.

d. The need behind multidisciplinary approach is ……………………
Answer👉 iv. the lack of progress in research and innovation.

e. Through this speech, the speaker wants to ………………….
Answer👉 iv. appeal to the members of EU for collaboration for research and innovation.

D. Answer the following questions.
a. What topic is the speaker talking about when she says, "It's a topic that's never out of the media…?
The speaker is talking about healthy diets and lifestyles.

b. According to the speaker, what is the cause of obesity among children in the EU?
The cause of obesity among children in the EU is poor diet and low physical activity.

c. What should people do to prevent themselves from the diseases like type 2 diabetes?
People should adopt better lifestyles and healthier diets to prevent diseases like type 2 diabetes.

d. What is Horizon 2020?
Horizon 2020 is Europe’s 80-billion euro research and innovation program.

e. Why is research very important in fighting against health challenges?
Research is very important to fight against health challenges to benefit all patients, and prevent many people from developing diseases in the first place.

f. What result can Horizon 2020 give if it is implemented effectively?
If implemented effectively, Horizon 2020 can make excellent progress in research and innovation for healthy diets and healthy lives.

g. What results does the speaker expect from the conference?
The speaker expects Horizon 2020 to fund the very best research on nutrition, health, diet-related disease, and ageing and translate the knowledge gained into innovative and effective products, treatments, services, and strategies to benefit all patients and prevent many people from developing diseases in the first place.

h. Do you think that the people of the EU will be benefitted by this conference? If yes, what benefits will they get?
Yes, the people of the EU will benefit from this conference. The benefits include better knowledge about how to prevent chronic diseases, innovative and effective products, treatments, services, and strategies, and opportunities for competitive European businesses.

E. Draft a short speech entitled, ‘Importance of Exercise for Healthy Life’.
Answer👉 Ladies and gentlemen,

Today, I stand before you to discuss the importance of exercise for a healthy life. In our fast-paced and sedentary lifestyles, it is crucial to understand the significant role that regular physical activity plays in maintaining our overall well-being.

Exercise is not just about losing weight or building muscles; it is about nurturing our bodies and minds. Engaging in regular exercise has numerous benefits that extend beyond the physical realm. It boosts our energy levels, enhances cardiovascular health, strengthens our bones and muscles, and improves flexibility and coordination.

Regular exercise also has a profound impact on our mental health. It reduces stress and anxiety, uplifts our mood, and promotes better sleep. Exercise releases endorphins, often referred to as the "feel-good" hormones, which contribute to a sense of happiness and overall mental well-being. It acts as a natural antidepressant, aiding in the prevention and management of mental health conditions.

Moreover, exercise is a powerful tool in disease prevention. It plays a vital role in reducing the risk of chronic illnesses such as heart disease, diabetes, and certain types of cancer. It helps in maintaining healthy blood pressure and cholesterol levels, improves insulin sensitivity, and supports a strong immune system.

Incorporating exercise into our daily routine does not necessarily require expensive gym memberships or extensive equipment. Simple activities like walking, jogging, cycling, or engaging in sports can make a significant difference. The key is consistency and finding activities that we enjoy, as it increases the likelihood of sticking to our exercise regimen.

Additionally, exercise is not limited to a specific age group. It is essential for children, adolescents, adults, and older adults alike. Encouraging physical activity from a young age sets the foundation for a healthy lifestyle throughout life.

In conclusion, the importance of exercise for a healthy life cannot be emphasized enough. By making exercise a regular part of our lives, we invest in our well-being, both physically and mentally. It is an investment that pays off in terms of increased energy, improved mental health, disease prevention, and a higher quality of life.

Let us prioritize our health and make the conscious choice to incorporate exercise into our daily routines. Remember, a healthier life begins with a single step – a step towards an active and vibrant future.

Thank you.

Grammar II
A. Circle the correct words to complete these sentences.
a. The doctor told me do/to do some exercise every day.
The doctor told me to do some exercise every day.

b. She said, “Don’t shout / Not to shout.”
She said, “Don’t shout.”

c. The doctor forbade me to eat / not to eat junk food.
The doctor forbade me to eat junk food.

d. I told her, “To speak /Speak slowly.”
I told her, “Speak slowly.”

e. Sumina promised to tell no one /not to tell anyone.
Sumina promised not to tell anyone.

f. My mother said, “To get / Get out of bed early.”
My mother said, “Get out of bed early.”

g. The mountain guide warned him to take /not to take the oxygen cylinder.
The mountain guide warned him not to take the oxygen cylinder.

h. Sugam said to me, “Go/To go home and take a rest.”
Sugam said to me, “Go home and take a rest.”

i. He ordered us we go out /to get out of his way.
He ordered us to get out of his way.

j. The librarian requested them please do not make /not to make a noise.
The librarian requested them not to make a noise.

B. Change the following sentences into indirect speech. Use the reporting verbs in brackets.
a. “Bring some sugar, Punita,” she said. (ask)
She asked Punita to bring some sugar.

b. “You must submit your assignment soon,” the teacher said. (tell)
The teacher told us that we had to submit our assignment soon.

c. “Remember to come early, Anu,” he said. (remind)
He reminded Anu to come early.

d. “You should see a doctor, Mrs. Tamang,’ he said. (advise)
He advised Mrs. Tamang that she should see a doctor.

e. “Keep all the window open, Nona,” my father said. (warn)
My father warned Nona to keep all the window open.

f. “Go home, Prashun,” Furba said. (tell)
Furba told Prashun to go home.

C. Report the following sentences in direct speech.
a. The hermit said, “Don’t idle away your time.”
The hermit told me not to idle away my time.

b. Maan said to his friend, “Please help me with money.”
Maan requested his friend to help him with money.

c. “Be not afraid, noble prince”, said the Guru.
The Guru told noble prince not to be afraid.

d. He said to me, “Let me do my work.”
He told me to let him do his work.

e. The General said to his troops, “Guard the fort.”
The General told his troops to guard the fort.

f. Aaswin said to the teacher, “Please excuse me, madam.”
Aaswin requested the teacher to excuse him.

g. The guide said to the visitors, “Follow me carefully.”
The guide told the visitors to follow him carefully.

h. My teacher said to me, “Don’t look behind.”
My teacher told me not to look behind.

i. Mother said to the daughter, “Get ready to receive the guests.”
Mother told the daughter to get ready to receive the guests.

j. The boy said to the daughter, “Get ready to receive the guests.”
The boy told the daughter to get ready to receive the guests.

k. The teacher said to the boys, “Read silently.”
The teacher told the boys to read silently.

l. The coach said, “Let’s play a friendly football match.”
The coach suggested us that we should play a friendly football match.

m. The monk said to us, “Give up bad habits.”
The monk told us to give up bad habits.

n. Father said to me, “Do not tell a lie.”
Father told me not do tell a lie.

Writing Il

Obesity has become a matter of concern in recent years. Draft a speech on obesity based on the given guiding questions.
‘What are the primary causes of obesity?
What are its consequences?
What should an individual do to avoid it?
Obesity has emerged as a significant concern in recent years, and it is crucial to understand its causes, consequences, and prevention measures. The primary causes of obesity include sedentary lifestyles and unhealthy eating habits. Lack of physical activity and the consumption of processed foods contribute to weight gain.

The consequences of obesity are far-reaching. It increases the risk of chronic diseases such as cardiovascular problems, type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and certain cancers. Obesity can also take a toll on mental health, leading to low self-esteem, depression, and social isolation. Furthermore, it places a heavy economic burden on healthcare systems.

To prevent obesity, individuals should adopt healthy habits. This includes maintaining a balanced diet that incorporates fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats while limiting sugary and processed foods. Regular exercise is essential, aiming for at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity each week. Building a supportive environment with the help of family, friends, and healthcare professionals can provide guidance and motivation.

By taking proactive steps to combat obesity, we can improve our overall well-being and reduce the risk of associated health problems. Let us prioritize our health, make informed choices, and promote a culture of wellness in our communities. Together, we can work towards a healthier future for ourselves and future generations.

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