Class - 12 English I Solution : Unit 12 Animal World Guide

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Class - 12 English I

Unit 12 Animal World

Answer Sheets...............

WORKING WITH WORDS 


A. Read the text and tick the best alternative to fill in the gaps. 
Answer πŸ‘‰ Answer show in πŸ‘‰ icon Below....

a. Persons who are related to you and who live after you, such as your child or grandchild are called ........ 

i. relatives 

ii. descendants πŸ‘‰

iii. siblings 




b. means to turn or spin around and around quickly 

i. Twirl πŸ‘‰

ii. Fold

iii. Fetter 



c…..are proteins which contain oligosaccharide chains (glycans) attached to amino acid side-chains 


i. Glycoproteins πŸ‘‰

ii. Legumes 

iii. Meat products 




d. .......... are carbohydrate-binding proteins that are highly specific for sugar groups that are part of other molecules and so cause agglutination of particular cells.


i. Lactose 

ii. Legumes 

iii. Lectins πŸ‘‰



e.....are abnormal tissue growths that most often look like small, flat bumps or tiny mushroom like stalks found in the phylum Cnidaria and the medusa 


i. Polyps πŸ‘‰

ii. Buds 

iii. Tulips



 f. is a biological interaction where one organism, the predator, kills and eats another organism, its prey. 


i. Murder 

ii. Homicide 

iii. Predation πŸ‘‰



g. ......... is a genus of flowering plants in the buttercup family. 


i. Anemone πŸ‘‰

ii. Ammonia 

iii. Amoeba 



h. A/An ......... - person is extremely or excessively particular, exacting, or meticulous in taste or standards. 


i. arrogant 

ii. finicky πŸ‘‰

iii. symbiotic 




i. is a group of soft-bodied, marine gastropod molluscs which shed their shells after their larval stage. 


i. Shell

ii. Nudibranch πŸ‘‰

iii. Jellyfish 




j. A ....... is a free-swimming sexual form of a coelenterate such as a jellyfish, typically having an umbrella-shaped body with stinging tentacles around the edge.


i. medusa πŸ‘‰

ii. sea horse 

iii. sea slug








B. Look up a dictionary and write the meanings of the following words then use them in your own sentences. 


a. Arthropod- Insect, spider, and other big Arthropoda-phylum invertebrate animals.


b. Gastropod- a large class of mollusks (as snails). 


c. Biomass- the weight or total quantity of living organisms of one animal or plant species. 


d. Calcification- a condition in which the body's tissue hardens due to calcium buildup.


e. Metamorphosis- a two- or three-stage process that occurs in insects and amphibians to go from an immature to an adult state.


f. Sturgeon- a very large primitive fish with bony plates on the body.







COMPREHENSION 


Answer the following questions. 


a. What are the indicators of the fact that we are very self-conscious about ourselves these days? 

The prevalence of social media and the constant need for validation, the rise of plastic surgery and cosmetic procedures, and the obsession with personal branding are some of the indicators that we are very self-conscious about ourselves these days.


b. How have we celebrated the fact that we have our individual identity? 

We have celebrated the fact that we have our individual identity by promoting the importance of self-expression, diversity, and inclusivity.


c.Are we, human beings, really unique? Why/Why not? 

While there may be similarities between individuals, each person has a unique combination of genetics, experiences, and personality traits, making us all unique in some way.



d. How do fish recognize each other? 

Fish recognize each other through a variety of methods, including visual cues, chemical signals, and auditory signals.



E. What is the function of individuality? 

The function of individuality is to allow for diversity and specialization, which can contribute to the survival and success of a species.



f. What does the mix-up of two selves tell us about our identity?

 The mix-up of two selves, such as in the case of conjoined twins, challenges traditional notions of identity and highlights the complex and multifaceted nature of human existence.



g. What does the author illustrate with the tale of the nudibranch and the medusa?

 The author uses the tale of the nudibranch and the medusa to illustrate the beauty and complexity of the natural world and how individuality can manifest in unexpected ways.



h. Why is the author disturbed by the thought of the creatures like the nudibranch and medusa?

The author is disturbed by the thought of creatures like the nudibranch and medusa because their physical characteristics challenge traditional human notions of beauty and desirability.



i. What does the writer mean by “they remind me of the whole earth at once?"

By "they remind me of the whole earth at once," the writer is expressing the idea that each individual, like the nudibranch and medusa, is a unique and valuable part of the larger natural world.





CRITICAL THINKING


a. How does the author make satire on the modern idea of the 'self' based on individuality, independence and uniqueness?

 The author uses satire to make fun of the modern idea of the "self" by presenting the idea that the individuality and uniqueness that people value so highly may not be as significant as they think. The author points out that humans are not as unique as they believe, and that in reality, they are highly interdependent on other species and the environment around them. The author also uses humor and irony to poke fun at the idea of individuality, for example, by describing the nudibranch and medusa as "unremarkable" creatures that are nevertheless crucial to the ecosystem.




b. Analyze the essay as a creative defense of the interdependence observed in the ecosystem.


 The essay can be analyzed as a creative defense of the interdependence observed in the ecosystem. The author argues that individuality and uniqueness are not as important as many people believe, and that instead, the interdependence of different species is crucial for the health and survival of the ecosystem. By describing the way that different creatures rely on each other for survival, the author emphasizes the importance of interdependence and cooperation. The author also argues that humans have a responsibility to protect the environment and the other species that rely on it, suggesting that the health of the ecosystem is crucial for human survival as well. Overall, the essay can be seen as a call to action to recognize the importance of interdependence and to work to protect the environment and the species that rely on it.



WRITING


a. Write a 250-word essay on "Independence vs. Interdependence" 
 Independence vs. Interdependence

The concept of independence has always been glorified in our society. We have been taught that being independent is a mark of strength and success. We are often told to stand on our own feet, take charge of our lives and not rely on others. However, this mindset of absolute independence has caused us to overlook the value of interdependence.

Interdependence is the idea of relying on each other, supporting one another and working together to achieve a common goal. It is the backbone of any functioning society. No one can achieve everything on their own, and when we rely on each other, we create a sense of community and belonging.

The over-emphasis on independence has created a culture of competition and self-centeredness. We are encouraged to pursue our own goals and dreams, without considering the impact it may have on others. This has resulted in a society where people are increasingly disconnected from one another, leading to loneliness and alienation.

On the other hand, interdependence fosters a sense of connection and belonging. When we work together, we create a stronger society, and everyone benefits. It also teaches us the value of empathy, communication and compromise, essential skills for any functioning relationship.

In conclusion, while independence is necessary for self-reliance, it is essential to recognize the value of interdependence. It is not an either-or situation, but rather a balance between the two that creates a harmonious and healthy society. We need to understand that our actions have consequences and consider how they may affect others. The world is becoming more interconnected every day, and it is vital that we learn to work together to achieve a common goal.





B. Write a newspaper article highlighting the increasing individualism in the modern Nepali society.

Nepal is a country with a rich cultural heritage and strong community ties. However, the modern society is increasingly becoming individualistic, with people prioritizing their personal goals and aspirations over community welfare.

The education system in Nepal is one of the factors that contribute to this trend. The system is geared towards producing individuals who can succeed in a competitive environment, often leading to a culture of self-centeredness. Students are encouraged to focus on their grades and personal achievements, often neglecting the importance of social and emotional learning.

The influence of Western culture has also played a role in the rise of individualism. The advent of social media has made it easier for people to connect with others globally, but it has also created a culture of self-promotion and comparison. People are now more concerned with their own image and personal brand, rather than their contribution to society.

The increase in urbanization and migration has also led to a breakdown of community ties. People are moving away from their ancestral homes to urban centers, where they are more concerned with their personal goals and aspirations than community welfare.

In conclusion, while individualism has its benefits, it is essential to recognize the importance of community and social welfare. Nepali society has always been based on a sense of community and collective responsibility. We need to create a balance between personal growth and community welfare, and ensure that we are not sacrificing one for the other. By working together, we can create a more harmonious and compassionate society.




GRAMMAR 


PASSIVE VOICE 


A. Make passive sentences from the following information as in the example. 


Example : Toyota cars/Japan/make : Toyota cars are made in Japan. 


a. volleyball/every/country/play 

Volleyball is played in every country. 


b. spaghetti/boiling water/cook 

Spaghetti is cooked in boiling water. 



c. each lesson/an exercise/follow 

Each lesson is followed by an exercise. 



d. taxes/the price/include 

Taxes are included in the price.



e. extensive information/the internet/find 

Extensive information is found on the internet. 



f. our order/the waiterΕΏtook

 Our order was taken by the waiter. 



g. the schedule/the participants/will distribute 

The schedule will be distributed by the participants. 



h. The police/footprint/found 

Footprints were found by the police. 



i. the children/the sandcastles/built 

The sandcastles were built by the children. 



j. the father/the window/not going to open 

The window is not going to be opened by the father.







B. Rewrite the following sentences in the passive voice using the correct form of verbs in the brackets. 



a. Call the ambulance! Two boys ......... (injured) in a motorbike accident 

πŸ‘‰ Call the ambulance! Two boys have been injured in a motorbike accident. 



b. The clock ......... (use) since the 17th century. 

πŸ‘‰ The clock has been used since the 17th century. 



c. I had to wait outside the classroom while the classroom (clean). 

πŸ‘‰ I had to wait outside the classroom while the classroom was being cleaned. 



d. The problem.... .... (discuss) by the subject specialists at the moment. 

πŸ‘‰ The problem is being discussed by the subject specialists at the moment. 



e. By the time I came back, the task .......... (finish) 

πŸ‘‰ By the time I came back , the task had been finished. 



f. Women, (say) to be happier than men. 

πŸ‘‰ Women are said to be happier than men. 



g. Look! The house ..... (destroyed) by the fire. 

Look! The house had been destroyed by the fire.



h. The other three reports..................... (submit) by next month. 

πŸ‘‰ The other three reports will be submitted by next month. 



i. Many people .......... (rescue) from the floods by the security persons this year.

πŸ‘‰ Many people have been rescued from the floods by the security persons this year. 



J. The state of Florida.............. (hit) by a hurricane that did serious damage. 

The state of Florida was hit by a hurricane that did serious damage.





All Class 12 English Book Solution Link Unitwise

Section I : Language Development

Section II : Literature
Unit - 1 Short Stories


Unit - 2 Poems

Unit - 3 Essays


Unit - 4 One Act Plays






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