Unit - 3 Sports Guide : Class 12 English Solution

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Euro 2020 

Unit - 3 Sports
Answer Sheets....................................................................

BEFORE YOU READ 

a. What does UEFA stand for?

Answer πŸ‘‰

UEFA stands for the Union of European Football Associations.


b. How many teams competed in Euro Cup 2020?

Answer πŸ‘‰

Twenty four teams competed in Euro Cup 2020.


c. Which is your favourite team? Why?

Answer πŸ‘‰

My favourite team is Italy because this football team has unique strategies to win the games.




WORKING WITH WORDS 

A. Many English words are from other languages, such as redemption in the news above comes from the Latin word redimere, a combination of re(d)-,meaning “back,” and emere, meaning “buy.”

Now, find out the origin and the meaning of the following words from the text.

penalty, major, stadium, trophy, defender,  anthem, dejection, jubilant, record, suave, podium, tournament, reminiscent, incredible, savor

penalty:

Origin: This word "penalty" is derived from the Old French word "penalite" and Medieval Latin word  "penalitatem".

Meaning: A punishment for violating rules of procedure.


major:

Origin: The word "major" is derived from the Latin word "maior" (earlier *magios).

Meaning: Greater in dignity, rank, importance, significance, or interest.


stadium:

Origin: The word "stadium" is derived from the Latin form of the Greek word "stadion"

Meaning: A venue where sporting events are held.


trophy:

Origin: The word "trophy" is derived from the Old French word  "trophΓ©e"

Meaning: An object, usually in the form of a statuette, cup, or shield, awarded for success in a competition or to mark a special achievement.


defender:

Origin: The word "defender" is derived from Anglo-Norman defendour, from Old French defendeor.

Meaning: One of the players whose primary task is to prevent the opposition from scoring.


anthem:

Origin: The word "anthem" is derived from Middle English anteme, from Old English antefn, antefen and Old French antiene.

Meaning: A choral or vocal composition, often with a religious or political lyric.


dejection:

Origin: The word "dejection" is derived from From Old French dejection, from Latin dejectio.

Meaning: A low condition; weakness; inability.


jubilant:

Origin: The word "jubilant" is derived from Latin jΕ«bilāns shouting for joy, from jΕ«bilāre.

Meaning: Making a joyful noise.


record:

Origin: The word "record" is derived from Middle English -, borrowed from Old French record, from recorder.

Meaning: An item of information put into a temporary or permanent physical medium.


suave:

Origin: From Middle English suave, borrowed from Latin suāvis; doublet of sweet.

Meaning: Charming, confident and elegant.


podium

Origin: The word "podium" is borrowed from Latin podium, from Old Greek Ο€ΟŒΞ΄ΞΉΞΏΞ½, from diminutive of πούς ("foot").

Meaning: Little Foot


tournament: 

Origin: The word "tournament" is derived from Old French torneiement.

Meaning: A series of games; either the same game played many times, or a succession of games related by a single theme; played competitively to determine a single winning team or individual.


reminiscent: 

Origin: The word "reminiscent" is derived from Latin reminΔ«scΔ“ns, present participle of reminΔ«scor, from re- + min-, base of me-min-isse, akin to mens; see mental, mind, etc.

Meaning: Suggestive of an earlier event or times.


incredible: 

Origin: The word "incredible" is borrowed from Latin incrΔ“dibilis, from in- ("not") + crΔ“dibilis ("worthy of belief"), from crΔ“dō ("believe").

Meaning: Too implausible to be credible; beyond belief; unbelievable.


savor:

Origin: The word "savor" is derived from Middle English savour, from Old French savour, from Latin sapor, from sapiō ("taste of, have a flavor of").

Meaning: The specific taste or smell of something.


B. Consult a dictionary and define the following terms related to cricket.

Example: 

wicket: two sets of three sticks standing in the ground with pieces of wood lying.


stump: One of three small wooden posts which together with the bails make the wicket and that the fielding team attempt to hit with the ball.


crease: One of the white lines drawn on the pitch to show different areas of play; especially the popping crease, but also the bowling crease and the return crease.


boundary: the edge of the field beyond which the ball must be hit to score four or six runs


sixer: a shot hit by the batsman that clears the boundary without touching the ground, resulting in six runs


googly: a type of delivery in which the ball spins in the opposite direction to that of a normal leg spin


leg-bye: a run scored by the batting team when the ball hits the batsman's body and goes away from the fielders


wicket: One of the two wooden structures at each end of the pitch, consisting of three vertical stumps and two bails; the target for the bowler, defended by the batsman.


maiden: An over in which no runs are scored.


pitch: the strip of land on which the game is played, between the two wickets


power-play: a period of the game, usually of six overs, when only two fielders are allowed outside the inner circle


no-ball: an illegal delivery in which the bowler oversteps the crease, or the ball bounces more than once before reaching the batsman, or the bowler throws the ball in a way that is considered dangerous


yorker: a delivery aimed at the batsman's feet, making it difficult for them to hit the ball far.



C. Pronunciation

Divide the following words into two groups in accordance with their pronunciation /aΙͺ/ and /eΙͺ/. 

fine, shine, rein, rail, why, sleigh, height, bright, might, snail, break, fake, five, freight, eight, game, claim, friend, sight, white, gait, by, hail, frame

Answer πŸ‘‰

1. /ai/ 

fine, shine, bright, might, five, why, sight, white, by,


2. /ei

rein, rail, sleigh, break, freight, eight, game, claim, friend, gait, hail, frame 

πŸ”Ή️πŸ”Έ️πŸ”Ή️πŸ”Έ️πŸ”Ή️πŸ”Έ️πŸ”Ή️πŸ”Έ️πŸ”Ή️



COMPREHENSION

A. State whether the following sentences are True or False or Not Given.

a. England was the champion of 1996 World Cup Football.

Answer πŸ‘‰  False


b. Italy bagged its first Euro Cup trophy in the Euro Cup 2020.

Answer πŸ‘‰  False


c. The English team has won more trophies in International Football than Italy.

Answer πŸ‘‰  False


d. According to the captain of the English team, the pain of losing a match has lasting effects.

Answer πŸ‘‰  True


e. The Italian team was playing in their home ground.

Answer πŸ‘‰  False


f. The goalkeeper of the Italian team had performed the best than any other players in the match.

Answer πŸ‘‰  True


B. Answer the following questions.

a. Why does the reporter say that England is waiting to heal its half-century long pain?

Answer πŸ‘‰

The reporter says that England is waiting to heal its half-century long pain because the English football team has not won a major tournament since the 1966 World Cup.


b. How did the Italian players react as soon as they became the champions?

Answer πŸ‘‰

As soon as the Italian players became champions, they celebrated by embracing each other, jumping up and down, and waving the Italian flag.


c. Why did Saka and Sancho cry?

Answer πŸ‘‰

Saka and Sancho cried because they missed their penalty kicks during the decisive penalty shoot-out, which cost England the chance to win the Euro Cup.


d. Penalty shoot-out has long been a bitter experience for the English team. Why?

Answer πŸ‘‰

Penalty shoot-out has long been a bitter experience for the English team because they have lost many important matches in penalty shoot-outs, including the semifinals of the 1990 and 1996 World Cups, and the semifinals of the 2018 World Cup.


e. State the contribution of Roberto Mancini to the Italian football.

Answer πŸ‘‰

 Roberto Mancini, the coach of the Italian team, made significant contributions to Italian football by leading the team to win the Euro Cup 2020 after a long period of underperformance. He introduced a more attacking style of football and built a strong team spirit that helped the team to overcome tough opponents.


f. How does the Euro Cup final 2020 remind the audiences of the 2018 World Cup semifinals? How?

Answer πŸ‘‰

The Euro Cup final 2020 reminds the audiences of the 2018 World Cup semifinals because both matches involved England losing in the semifinals of a major tournament. In both matches, England had taken an early lead but failed to hold on to it and eventually lost in extra time or a penalty shoot-out.



πŸ”Ή️πŸ”Έ️πŸ”Ή️πŸ”Έ️πŸ”Ή️πŸ”Έ️πŸ”Ή️πŸ”Έ️πŸ”Ή️

CRITICAL THINKING 

a. "Every match is a new opportunity. Put its failure behind and start over again." Does this apply to the Italian football team when we analyse their performance from their failure to qualify for the World Cup Football to their victory in the European Championship in these four years?

Answer πŸ‘‰

Yes, The statement "Every match is a new opportunity. Put its failure behind and start over again" applies to any team or individual in any sport. The Italian football team's victory in the European Championship after failing to qualify for the World Cup Football shows that they were able to put their previous failure behind and start afresh. It is important for players to learn from their mistakes and move on to the next game with a positive mindset, and this applies to all teams.


b. When a team plays in a home ground, it gets a huge support from the audience in the stadium. Does this support them to win the match or the players may feel pressure to win and thus lose? What do you think?

Answer πŸ‘‰

The impact of playing in a home ground can be both positive and negative for a team. On one hand, the support of the fans in the stadium can give the players a psychological boost, as they feel a sense of familiarity and comfort playing in front of their own fans. The players can also feed off the energy and enthusiasm of the crowd, which can create a positive atmosphere and encourage them to play better.


On the other hand, playing at home can also create pressure on the players, as they are expected to perform well and win in front of their own fans. This pressure can lead to increased stress and anxiety, which can negatively impact the performance of the players. Additionally, the expectations of the fans can create a hostile environment, particularly if the team is not playing well, which can add to the pressure and further affect the performance of the players.

Moreover, the home ground advantage can also be affected by external factors such as the playing surface, weather conditions, and the quality of the opposition. Even if the players have the support of the fans, these external factors can create challenges that may be difficult to overcome.

In conclusion, while playing in a home ground can provide a significant advantage to a team, it can also create pressure that can negatively impact their performance. The impact of home ground advantage on a team ultimately depends on a variety of factors, including the quality of the players, the strength of the opposition, and the environment in which they are playing.





WRITING

A. The following passage does not have any punctuation marks. Punctuate it with appropriate punctuation marks.

a lot of people try to get away from home for a few days each year for a holiday there are lots of things to choose from and where you go depends on how much money you have got to spend ideas for holidays include relaxing on a beach exploring cities and skiing one man wanted to go to australia but thought hed never have enough money to get there he will go to his brothers caravan at the seaside instead a young woman wanted to go clubbing in Ibiza as shed heard its a lot of fun

Answer πŸ‘‰  

A lot of people try to get away from home for a few days each year for a holiday. There are lots of things to choose from, and where you go depends on how much money you have got to spend. Ideas for holidays include relaxing on a beach, exploring cities, and skiing. One man wanted to go to Australia but thought he'd never have enough money to get there. He will go to his brother's caravan at the seaside instead. A young woman wanted to go clubbing in Ibiza as she'd heard it's a lot of fun.


B. Write a news story based on the given information. 

Argentina beat Brazil to win Copa America

by Reuters

RIO DE JANEIRO, July 10

first major title in 28 years 

first medal for Lionel Messi in a blue-and-white shirt 

Di Maria goal gave them a 1-0 win over Brazil 

15th Copa America equal to Brazil

Brazil piled on the pressure but they could not get an equaliser

Brazil - more aggressive in the second half 

Argentine defence - outstanding

Answer πŸ‘‰

Argentina beat Brazil to Win Copa America 

by Reuters

RIO DE JANEIRO, July 10

Argentina beat Brazil to win Copa America after 28 years, securing their first major title since 1993. Lionel Messi, who has won countless trophies with his club Barcelona, secured his first international title with Argentina, and Di Maria's goal in the final gave them a 1-0 victory over Brazil.


The game took place in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and it was the 15th Copa America win for Argentina, equalling Brazil's record. Brazil started the game as the favourites, and they piled on the pressure, but they were unable to get an equaliser against an outstanding Argentine defence. Brazil came out more aggressively in the second half, but they still could not break through the defence.


The match was intense, and both teams played with high spirits, but Argentina's defence proved too strong for Brazil's attack. Messi, who has had a long and illustrious career with Barcelona, was emotional after winning his first major international trophy, and it was clear to see how much it meant to him.


Argentina's victory was celebrated by fans all over the world, and the players were cheered as they lifted the trophy. It was a proud moment for Argentine football, and it is hoped that this win will lead to further success for the team. For Brazil, it was a disappointing result, but they can be proud of their performance, and they will no doubt be back stronger in the future.




C. We can see many countries competing to host the great international sport events like the World Cup Football. But, there are arguments that hosting an event like World Cup Football can have more problems than benefits. What do you think? Write your arguments in favour or against hosting an international sport event in about 500 words.

Answer πŸ‘‰

Hosting an international sports event, such as the World Cup Football, can be a great opportunity for a country to showcase its culture, infrastructure, and hospitality. However, there are arguments both in favor and against hosting such an event.


One argument in favor of hosting international sporting events is that they can bring economic benefits to the host country. These benefits include increased tourism, job creation, and investments in infrastructure. For example, the 2010 World Cup in South Africa contributed significantly to the country's economy, with the creation of new jobs and investments in infrastructure such as transportation and stadiums.


In addition, hosting a major sporting event can promote national pride and create a sense of unity among the citizens of the host country. It can also increase the country's international profile and reputation, leading to long-term benefits for the economy and the country's image.


However, there are also arguments against hosting international sporting events. One of the most significant arguments is that it can lead to a significant financial burden on the host country. The costs associated with hosting such events can often exceed the projected economic benefits, resulting in long-term economic damage. For example, the 2014 World Cup in Brazil was estimated to cost $14 billion, with many Brazilians questioning the value of such an investment.


Another argument against hosting international sporting events is that they can lead to the displacement of local populations. This is often seen in the construction of new infrastructure, such as stadiums and hotels, which can result in the forced eviction of local residents. In some cases, these residents may not receive adequate compensation or alternative housing, leading to social unrest and protests.


Furthermore, hosting international sporting events can also lead to issues such as security concerns, increased traffic congestion, and environmental damage. These issues can have a significant impact on the host country and its citizens, as well as the event itself.


In conclusion, while hosting international sporting events can bring many economic, social, and cultural benefits to the host country, there are also many risks and challenges associated with such events. It is essential for a host country to carefully consider the costs and benefits of hosting an international sporting event and to ensure that the event is planned and executed in a way that minimizes negative impacts on the environment and local populations. Only then can the potential benefits of hosting an international sporting event be fully realized.




GRAMMAR

Determiners and quantifiers

A. Observe the following examples.

a. People have unethical justifications for all their actions.

b. Americans throw away around 2.5 million plastic bottles every hour.

c. Around 2 billion litres of human and industrial wastes are dumped into it each day.

d. All of these create the illusion of complete pleasure at our fingertips, with none of the hassles of pain. 

e. If a few drops of the ocean are dirty, the whole ocean does not become dirty.

The words in bold face in the examples above are called determiners and quantifiers. We use determiners to identify things (the book) and we use quantifiers to say how much or how many (a few drops). The following table shows the determiners and quantifiers in English.

Determiners

Definite article: the

Indefinite articles: a/an

Possessives: my, your, his, her, our, their, its

Demonstratives: this, that, these, those.

Interrogatives: which, what

Quantifiers: any, all, many, much, most, some, a few, a lot of, a little, none and the cardinal numbers (one, two, three), etc.


B. Complete the following sentences with much, many, few or little. 

a. He is an introvert. He has got very………….friends.

Answer πŸ‘‰  few


b. I am busy in preparing my examinations. I have very………..time to give to you. 

Answer πŸ‘‰  little 


c. The entire winter season was dry this year. We had ………….rain. 

Answer πŸ‘‰  little 


d. Our town has almost been modernized. There are…… old buildings left. 

Answer πŸ‘‰  a few


e.You can come today. I haven’t got ……………to do. 

Answer πŸ‘‰  much 


f. The party was crowded. There were too ……..people. 

Answer πŸ‘‰  many


g. How ……….photographs did you take while you were in Switzerland? 

Answer πŸ‘‰  many


h. There was…………….traffic so I came in time. 

Answer πŸ‘‰  little 


i. Can I borrow …………..books from you?

Answer πŸ‘‰  some


j. Mohan can’t be a good teacher. He has…………patience. 

Answer πŸ‘‰  little 


C. Put each or every in the following sentences.

a. The party split into three factions, …………….faction headed by a former prime minister. 

Answer πŸ‘‰   each


b. Leap years occur…………..four years. 

Answer πŸ‘‰  every


c.……….parent worries about their children. 

Answer πŸ‘‰  Every


d. We had a great time in Singapore. We enjoyed …….minute of our time. 

Answer πŸ‘‰  every


e. I could catch the main idea of his speech but I didn’t understand …….of his words. 

Answer πŸ‘‰  each


f. In Nepal, ………….motorcycle rider should wear a helmet. 

Answer πŸ‘‰  every 


g. You must read ……..of these books for the exam. 

Answer πŸ‘‰  each


D. Rewrite the following sentences using all of, most of, none of, both of or some of.

a. Your garden is superb. ……………..the flowers are beautiful. 

Answer πŸ‘‰  All of


b. Do you know Bharat and Kamal? Of course, I do…..them are my friends. 

Answer πŸ‘‰  Both of 


c. I bought a box of apples thinking it would be cheaper but I was mistaken. ……………them were rotten. 

Answer πŸ‘‰  Some of 


d. When I was in the town, I asked some people for direction but ………………. them were able to help me. I had to call my friend.

Answer πŸ‘‰  none of 


e. We all were soaked in the rain because………..us had carried an umbrella. 

Answer πŸ‘‰  none of


f. My father is healthy in his seventies but he feels isolated because ……………..his friends are dead now. 

Answer πŸ‘‰  most of 


g. All of the tourists are not Chinese……………..them are Korean too. 

Answer πŸ‘‰  Some of


E. Choose the best word from the brackets to complete the sentences.

a. Give me …….. money I owe you. (which/the/a/an)

Answer πŸ‘‰  the


b. I want ……… boat which would take me to the island. (the/an/those/a)

Answer πŸ‘‰  a


c. Could you pour me ……… water, please? (many/few/these/some)

Answer πŸ‘‰ some


d. Only …….. employees know how important the project was. (a few/a little/little/few)

Answer πŸ‘‰  a few


e. He was looking for …….. umbrella. (an/a/those/these)

Answer πŸ‘‰  an


f.………. water was evaporated due to excessive heat. (A large number of/ A lot of/ A large amount of/Many)

Answer πŸ‘‰  A large amount of



SPEAKING

Asking for and giving reasons

A. We use the following expressions to ask for and give reasons in a discussion. Study them carefully.

Asking for reasons

Why do you say …?

What makes you say …?

How come you think …?

Why do you think …?

Why do/did you …?

Why don't/didn't you…?

Why is/are/was/were…?

Giving reasons

I say that because …

Well, because . . .

Well, in my experience . . .

I think so as …

Well, …so as to…

The reason was that…

Let me explain …

B. Read and practise the following conversations.

▪︎Why didn't you come to the party last night?

▪︎Well, because I was tired after the flight.


▪︎Sir, I'm resigning. 

▪︎Why? What makes you think that? 

▪︎The main reason is that I want to spend more time with my family. 


C. Work in pairs. Have similar conversations in the situations given below. 

a. You are on a ride with your friend who does not allow you to drive the bike?

I: Why don't you allow me to drive the bike, my dear?

Friend: Well, because the road ahead is quite narrow and sloppy with many bends.


b. One of your friends did not go to the cinema with you last Saturday.

I: Why didn't you go to the cinema with me last Saturday?

Friend: The reason was that my brother had been quite sick at home.


c. Your friend thinks that technical education is more important for Nepal.

I: Why do you think that technical education is more important for Nepal?

Friend: Let me explain about it. Technical education provides instant jobs to the people.


d. One of your friends is of the opinion that health facilities should be free in the country.

I: What's makes you say that health facilities should be free in the country?

Friend: I say that because health is quite an important aspect for all. It should be well-cared and cured for free all the time.


e. A friend of yours has the opinion that politicians are in politics to serve themselves.

I: What makes you say that politicians are in politics to serve themselves?

Friend: Well, because politicians are so corrupt and selfish by their nature. 


f. Your friend thinks that people are basically selfish and greedy.

I: Why do you think that people are basically selfish and greedy?

Friend: I think so as I have seen many people and experienced their different behaviours. 


g. Your teacher suggests you to check the bill before you pay it.

Teacher: Why does your teacher suggest you to check the bill before you pay it?

I: Well, because he wants to see me active while buying something. 


D. Use the following prompts to express your own opinions as conversation starters in pairs. Ask for and give reasons for the opinions.


I think our newspapers ….

a. do a great job reporting the news.

b. do a poor job reporting the news.

a. I think our newspapers do a great job reporting the news.

: Why do you think your newspapers do a great job reporting the news?

: Well, because our newspapers provide all the people with various important news.

b. I think our newspapers do a poor job reporting the news.

: Why do you think our newspapers do a poor job reporting the news?

: I think so as I have read various bad comments of the readers in our website related to our newspapers. 


In my opinion, taxes should be …

a. reduced.

b. spent to help those in need.

a. In my opinion, taxes should be reduced?

: What do you think taxes should be reduced?

: Well, because people of Nepal are suffering do to the high taxes.


b. In my opinion, taxes should be spent to help those in need.

: Why do you think taxes should be spent to help those in need?

: Well, because most of the people are suffering from starvation in this country.


I think crime is …

a. on the rise.

b. on the decline.

a. I think crime is on the rise.

: Why do you think crime is on the rise?

: Well, because everywhere there are news related to criminal activities. 


b. I think crime is on the decline. 

: Why do you think crime is on the decline?

: Well, because there is no any news in the newspaper related to the crime.


In general, I think art museums are …

a. pretty useless.

b. really important.

a. In general, I think art museums are pretty useless.

: What makes you think art museums are pretty useless?

: Well, because nowadays art museums seem empty most of the time. 


b. In general, I think art museums are really important.

: What makes you think art museums are really important?

: Well, because art museums provides people with knowledge related to art.


I think the medical care in our country is …

a. getting better.

b. worse

a. I think the medical care in our country is getting better.

: Why do you think the medical care in our country is getting better?

: Well, because poor people are getting medical care for free.


b. I think the medical care in our country is worse.

: Why do think the medical care in our country is worse?

: Well, because doctors of our country are money-minded.


Overall, our education system is …

a. excellent.

b. in need of major improvements.

a. Overall, our education system is excellent.

: Why do you say our education system is excellent?

: Well, because our education system is based on authentic knowledge. 

b. Overall, our education system is in need of major improvements. 

: Why do you think our education system is in need of major improvements?

: Well, because it has nothing to do with practical life of the people. 




All Class 12 English Book Solution Link Unitwise

Section I : Language Development

Section II : Literature
Unit - 1 Short Stories


Unit - 2 Poems

Unit - 3 Essays


Unit - 4 One Act Plays




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