Class - 11 English Section - I Unit - 11 Arts And Creations, Class 11 English Book Solution

Book Soluction Nepal

Class - 11 English

Section - I

Unit - 11

Arts And Creations

Ways with words

A. Circle the correct meanings of the underlined words.

a. Martin Luther started a revolt against the conventions of the Roman Catholic Church.

Answer 👉 creations

b. It blended classical styles with new ideas.

Answer 👉 mixed together

c. The dome marks the beginning of Renaissance architecture.

Answer 👉 serves as a sign of

d. The arts flourished during the Renaissance.

Answer 👉 grew and improved

e. The new passion for learning also led to amazing discoveries in science.

Answer 👉 enthusiasm

C. What do the following idioms mean? Use them in sensible sentences.

Answer 👉 

a. a hot potato : a controversial situation

The racial discrimination issue is a political hot potato.

b. once in a blue moon : not very often or rarely

Dad is working in Japan and he visits home once in a blue moon.

c. a bed of roses : easy or comfortable situation or activity

It’s to be remembered that life is not a bed of roses.

d. when pigs fly : used to say that something will never happen

He plans to clean his house every week, but he will probably do it only when pigs fly.

e. miss the boat : miss an opportunity

If you don’t buy now, you may find that you’ve missed the boat.

f. zip your lip : shut up

She zipped her lip at the meeting yesterday, as it was pointless saying anything.

g. fight tooth and nail : to fight with great ferocity

I want this job so I’m going to fight tooth and nail for it.

h. when life gives you lemon, make lemonade : change something negative into a positive

My grandfather lost his job due to the coronavirus, but he decided to keep busy and active. He says, “When life gives you lemons, make lemonade.”

i. goose egg : a score of zero

We had a good game, but the score was goose egg.

D. Match the following phrasal verbs with their meanings.

Answer 👉 

a. break down : to stop functioning

b. check out : to leave a hotel

c. fed up : tired of something or someone

d. fill out : to complete a form

e. get away : to escape

f. give away : to give something to someone for free

g. give up : to quit a habit

h. look forward to : to wait anxiously for something or an event

i. make up : to invent a story or lie

j. pass away : to die

k. put out : to extinguish

l. take off : to remove clothes or shoes from the body, to depart as in airplane

Class 11 English Soluction


A. Answer these questions.

a. What does the word Renaissance mean? Which language is it derived from?

Answer 👉 The word "Renaissance" means "rebirth" in French, and it refers to a period of time in European history from the 14th to the 17th century where there was a revival of interest in the arts, sciences, and classical learning.

b. What did the Greek scholars do in their new locations after leaving the Greek city?

Answer 👉  After leaving the Greek city, the Greek scholars brought their knowledge of classical literature, science, and philosophy to their new locations, where they continued to study and teach these subjects. This helped to spread Greek culture and learning throughout the Mediterranean world.

c, How did 'new learning' teach people to think in different ways?

Answer 👉 "New learning" taught people to think in different ways by encouraging them to question authority and seek out new knowledge through observation and experimentation. This led to a shift away from the traditional approach of relying on religious authority and towards a more scientific and empirical approach to understanding the world.

d. Describe the artistic developments of Renaissance in brief.

Answer 👉 The artistic developments of the Renaissance include a renewed focus on classical styles, the use of perspective and realism in painting, the creation of large-scale sculptures, and the revival of humanist ideals in literature and the arts. This period saw the emergence of some of the greatest artists of all time, such as Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, and Raphael.

e. Name the three Renaissance scientists who made great discoveries?

Answer 👉 Three Renaissance scientists who made great discoveries include Galileo Galilei, who studied the movements of the planets and developed the theory of heliocentrism; Nicolaus Copernicus, who developed a heliocentric model of the universe; and Johannes Kepler, who discovered the laws of planetary motion.

f. Who developed the printing press? Which country was he from?

Answer 👉 The printing press was developed by Johannes Gutenberg in Germany.

g. Why is the development of the printing press considered as one of the gifts of Renaissance?

Answer 👉 The development of the printing press is considered one of the gifts of the Renaissance because it made books and printed materials much more widely available, which allowed for the spread of knowledge and ideas more quickly and efficiently. This led to a democratization of information and helped to stimulate the intellectual and cultural revolution of the Renaissance.

h. Name the five famous explorers of the Renaissance?

Answer 👉 Five famous explorers of the Renaissance include Christopher Columbus, Vasco da Gama, Ferdinand Magellan, John Cabot, and Amerigo Vespucci.

i. Why do some people think of the Renaissance as the beginning of modern history?

Answer 👉 Some people think of the Renaissance as the beginning of modern history because it marked a significant shift in the way people thought about the world and their place in it. This period saw the revival of classical learning and the development of new ideas in science, art, and culture, which laid the foundations for the modern world and challenged traditional views and beliefs.

B. What do you infer from the reading? Tick (√) the best answer.

a. Before the Renaissance…

Answer 👉 

education was limited to scholars and privileged

b. Which statement is true?

Answer 👉 

The Greeks had a strong influence on Renaissance thinking

c. What did the Renaissance do?

Answer 👉 

It caused people to make changes in their lives

d. What were the major causes of the Renaissance?

Answer 👉 

printing, reading and learning

Critical Thinking

a. Do you agree with Machiavelli's view that a good leader can do bad and dishonest things in order to preserve his power and protect his government? Explain.

Answer 👉 It is a matter of personal opinion whether one agrees with Machiavelli's view on leadership. On one hand, it can be argued that a leader who is willing to do anything to protect his power and government may be seen as a strong and effective leader who is willing to make tough decisions. On the other hand, it can also be argued that a leader who engages in bad and dishonest behavior is not truly a good leader, as such actions erode the trust and respect of the people they govern, and may have negative consequences for the country in the long run.

b. Do you think that art and literature are important assets of a country? Give reasons.

Answer 👉  Yes, I do believe that art and literature are important assets of a country. Art and literature reflect the culture and values of a society, and provide a means for individuals to express themselves and explore new ideas. They also have the potential to inspire and educate, and can bring people together in a shared appreciation for beauty and creativity. Additionally, a strong artistic and literary tradition can attract tourists and investment, contributing to the country's economy.


a. Write an essay on “Literature is the reflection of society.”

Answer 👉  

Literature is the Reflection of Society

Literature is a form of art that has been used for centuries to express the thoughts, ideas, and beliefs of different cultures and societies. It is a powerful tool for communication and a reflection of the values and perspectives of the people who create it. Throughout history, literature has been used to document the human experience and provide insights into the social, political, and cultural conditions of different times and places.

One of the most significant ways in which literature reflects society is through its themes and characters. A wide range of issues, including poverty, wealth, power, gender, race, and class, are often explored in literature, providing a glimpse into the social, economic, and political conditions of a given time period. Through their writing, authors often address societal issues, and by doing so, they bring attention to the problems and injustices of their world. For example, works such as Charles Dickens' "Oliver Twist" and Upton Sinclair's "The Jungle" provide an unflinching look at poverty and oppression in 19th century England and early 20th century America, respectively.

Additionally, literature reflects the cultural values and beliefs of society. The types of stories that are popular, the ways in which characters are portrayed, and the themes that are explored in literature are all influenced by the cultural norms and values of a given society. For example, works from the Romantic era, such as William Wordsworth's "I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud" and Samuel Taylor Coleridge's "Kubla Khan," reflect the values of individualism, nature, and emotion that were prevalent during that time.

Moreover, literature also reflects societal changes and shifts in attitudes over time. As society evolves, so does literature. For example, the works of feminist writers, such as Simone de Beauvoir's "The Second Sex" and Betty Friedan's "The Feminine Mystique," reflect the changing attitudes towards women's rights and gender equality during the mid-20th century.

In conclusion, literature is a powerful reflection of society. It provides a window into the thoughts, beliefs, and values of different cultures and time periods, and sheds light on the social, political, and cultural conditions of the world. Whether through its themes, characters, or cultural references, literature has the ability to bring attention to the issues and injustices of society and inspire change.

b. It is said that today’s reader is tomorrow’s leader. Do you agree with this statement? Explain.

Answer 👉  Yes, I do agree with the statement that today's reader is tomorrow's leader. Literature is not just a form of entertainment, but also a way to gain knowledge and insight into the world. By reading books, one can broaden their perspective and understand different cultures, beliefs, and experiences. Moreover, reading can develop critical thinking skills and foster creativity, which are crucial qualities for effective leadership.

Reading also helps to improve vocabulary, grammar, and communication skills, which are essential for effective leadership. Leaders need to be able to articulate their ideas and communicate them effectively to their constituents, and reading can help improve those skills.

Additionally, literature often addresses societal issues, such as poverty, inequality, and political corruption. By reading about these issues, individuals can gain a deeper understanding of the world and develop a sense of empathy for others. This can inspire them to become leaders who strive to make positive changes in their communities and the world at large.

Furthermore, literature provides a window into different time periods and historical events, which can inform and inspire leaders. They can learn from the successes and failures of past leaders and apply those lessons to their own leadership style.

In conclusion, reading and exposure to literature is a crucial aspect of personal and professional development. It can develop critical thinking skills, foster creativity, and provide a window into the world, which are all essential qualities for effective leadership. By reading and engaging with literature, individuals can gain the skills and knowledge needed to become tomorrow's leaders.

c. Write a short biography of a national literary, artistic or historical figure you appreciate most.

Answer 👉  

One Nepali national literary, artistic, and historical figure I appreciate most is Laxmi Prasad Devkota. Born on November 12, 1909 in Kaski, Nepal, Laxmi Prasad Devkota was a renowned Nepali poet, playwright, and essayist who is considered as one of the greatest Nepali poets of all time.

Devkota started writing at a young age and his first published poem appeared in a local magazine when he was just 15 years old. He went on to publish several collections of poems and plays that captured the imagination of Nepali readers. Some of his most famous works include Muna Madan, Ajambari Nayak, and Bhakta Prahlad.

Devkota was also known for his strong political views and was a vocal advocate for Nepali independence from British rule. He used his writing as a platform to express his views and raise awareness about the political and social issues of the time.

In addition to his literary achievements, Devkota also made important contributions to Nepali society. He served as a professor at Tri-Chandra College in Kathmandu and was also a member of the Nepali Congress Party.

Despite facing numerous challenges in his life, including poverty and illness, Devkota never lost his passion for writing. He passed away on September 14, 1959, but his legacy lives on through his writing, which continues to inspire and move people to this day.

In conclusion, Laxmi Prasad Devkota was a true Renaissance man who made important contributions to Nepali literature, art, and history. His writing remains an important part of Nepali culture and his legacy continues to inspire new generations of Nepali writers and artists.


B. Complete the following sentences with correct relative pronouns and write whether the clauses are defining or non-defining.

Answer 👉  

a. That’s the house where I was born.

b. My aunt Nita, whoa journalist, is coming to visit next week.

c. People wholike outdoor activities will love our holidays.

d. The early 1960s, when the Beatles first started, was a very exciting time in pop culture.

e. My essay on Shakespeare, which I found quite difficult, got a really good mark in the end.

f. The Mayans, who lived in Central America, built many stunning temples.

g. That’s the girl whose brother is in your class.

h. The snake that was in the garden last week belongs to our next-door neighbor.

C. Join the following pairs of sentences with an appropriate relative clauses.

Answer 👉  

a. He is a musician. His albums have sold millions.

He is a musician whose albums have sold millions.

b. Amelia speaks English and Chines fluently. She is from Shanghai.

Amelia who is from Shanghai speaks English and Chines fluently.

c. That’s the stadium. Real Madrid plays there.

That’s the stadium where Real Madrid plays there.

d. Dublin is my favourite city. It is the capital of Ireland.

Dublin is my favourite city which is the capital of Ireland.

e. The person was really helpful. They spoke to him.

The person to whom they spoke was really helpful.

f. This smartphone takes great photos. I bought it last week.

This smartphone takes great photos whioch I bought it last week.

All Class 11 English Book Solution Link Unitwise

Section I : Language Development

Section II : Literature
Unit - 1 Short Stories

Unit - 2 Poems

Unit - 3 Essays

Unit - 4 One Act Plays

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