Class - 11 English Section I Unit - 6 Health And Exercise

Book Soluction Nepal

 Section I

Unit - 6

Health And Exercise

Ways with words

A. Ten words in the bold face in the text correspond to the definitions below. Match the definitions with the corresponding words.

a. in spite of what has just been said or referred to

Answer 👉 nevertheless

b. a strong desire or impulse

Answer 👉 urge

c. the ability to continue trying to do something, although it is very difficult

Answer 👉 determination

d. to attract attention to or emphasize something important

Answer 👉 highlight

e. arguing about things that are not important

Answer 👉 bickering

f. not having things or conditions that are usually considered necessary

Answer 👉 deprivation

g. continue to exist

Answer 👉 persist

h. soft loose flesh on a person’s body

Answer 👉 flab

i. to improve or increase something

Answer 👉 boost

j. a limiting condition on something

Answer 👉 restriction

Now, make sentences of your own using the same words in bold type.

a. Nevertheless the idea of the value of improving breeds is gaining ground.

b. She fought back the urge to run.

c. Determination was her motivation to stand up to the bully.

d. Do you know what he highlighted in red?

e. Maybe he meant he was sick of all the bickering with his family.

f. They are often targeted on areas of multiple deprivation.

g. f the symptoms persist, contact your doctor.

h. I wish everyone who is fighting the flab the very best of luck.

i. Drama also boosts the communication skills of students with special needs.

j. Both these propositions were, with some restrictions, secured.

B. The words ‘restriction’ and ‘awareness’ are nouns with the suffixes ‘-ion’ and ‘-ness’. Make a list of as many words as you can which end in ‘-ion’ and ‘-ness’. Make a list of as many words as you can which end in ‘-ion’ and ‘ness.

Answer 👉 

Words ending in "-ion":

  • Attention
  • Action
  • Fraction
  • Addition
  • Perception
  • Collection
  • Infection
  • Correction
  • Reflection
  • Direction
  • Detection
  • Protection
  • Expression
  • Ejection
  • Tension

Words ending in "-ness":

  • Happiness
  • Awareness
  • Correctness
  • Sickness
  • Kindness
  • Bitterness
  • Freshness
  • Weakness
  • Darkness
  • Ugliness
  • Forgiveness
  • Thoughtfulness
  • Successfulness
  • Completeness
  • Darkness

Class 11 English Notes and solution


A. Write whether the following statements are True, False or Not Given.

Answer 👉 

a. During the holidays people eat and drink more than usual. True

b. Getting too little exercise and eating too much is the reason why people put on weight. True

c. David Allison’s research involved studying rats under laboratory conditions. False

d. You may need to go shopping for clothes if you come down with a cold. True

e. Adenovirus-36 (AD-36) decreases the percentage of fat in the fat cells. False

f. Vaccination against infections could be used in the future to prevent obesity. True

g. People under severe stress can experience breathing difficulties. Do yourself

h. A study indicates that mice that have never been on a diet choose fatty food, when given a choice between high-calorie or low-calorie food products. False

i. Rajita Sinha has been studying the connection between brain activity and behaviour. False

j. Specific hormones regulate our appetite. True

B. Answer the following questions.

a. In what sense are the holidays a time of excess? When can a person gain weight?

Answer 👉 The holidays are often associated with excess in terms of food and drink consumption. People tend to indulge in high-calorie, rich foods and drinks during celebrations, leading to weight gain.

b. According to David Allison, which factor contributes to excess obesity?

Answer 👉 According to David Allison, the leading factor contributing to excess obesity is the environment we live in, including the availability of highly processed, high-calorie foods and the promotion of sedentary lifestyles.

c. What, according to Dhurandhar, can be the way of preventing fatness?

Answer 👉  According to Dr. E. P. Dhurandhar, one way of preventing fatness is to maintain a healthy diet and exercise regularly. Additionally, reducing stress levels, getting enough sleep, and avoiding exposure to toxins can also help prevent obesity.

d. What is the relationship between chill and obesity? How can saying ‘om’ help reduce fatness?

Answer 👉 The relationship between chill and obesity is that exposure to cold temperatures can increase the production of brown fat, which helps to burn white fat and maintain a healthy weight. Saying "Om" or practicing mindfulness can help reduce stress levels and prevent overeating, both of which can contribute to obesity.

e. Why is it necessary to be careful while buying plastic packaged fatty foods?

Answer 👉 It is necessary to be careful when buying plastic packaged fatty foods because some plastic containers contain harmful chemicals that can leach into the food and cause harm to our health.

f. Why does Nelson suggest avoiding blue wavelengths of light at night?

Answer 👉 Nelson suggests avoiding blue wavelengths of light at night because blue light disrupts the production of the sleep hormone melatonin, which can affect our circadian rhythm and lead to sleep disturbances. A lack of sleep has been linked to an increased risk of obesity.

g. How does breathing polluted air affect one’s fatness?

Answer 👉 Breathing polluted air can affect one's fatness by increasing oxidative stress and inflammation, which can contribute to weight gain and obesity. Additionally, exposure to pollutants can disrupt hormones and metabolism, leading to weight gain.

h. What is the link between sleep and weight?

Answer 👉  The link between sleep and weight is well established, with studies showing that people who get insufficient sleep tend to have a higher body mass index (BMI) and are more likely to be overweight or obese. Lack of sleep can disrupt hormones that regulate appetite and metabolism, leading to increased calorie intake and weight gain.

Critical thinking

a. What do you do you to keep yourself fit? What food do you avoid and why?

Answer 👉  Staying fit is a great way to improve our mood and overall health. Many people struggle with staying fit over time, but the benefits of fitness definitely outweigh the costs. With some commitment and motivation, we can maintain our physical fitness for years to come! I do regular exercising and take balanced diet to keep myself fit.

I avoid any junk food, foods which are high in sugar like donuts, cakes, cookies and the foods which are high in fat like processed meats, hydrogenated oil and shortening. I do so because it is one of the most important components of a fit lifestyle. Many people ignore it, but if we exercise and eat a lot of unhealthy foods like junk foods we will not get any fitter. This is because the junk food turns to fat almost immediately. Junk foods contain poor nutrition and are high in sodium and sugar. Because of this, our body sugar levels drop after consumption and we end up feeling fatigued with a major lack of energy.

b. Healthy citizens are the greatest asset of a country. What can a state do to keep her citizen healthy?

Answer 👉  

A state can take various measures to keep its citizens healthy. Some of these include:

Promoting physical activity: Encouraging citizens to engage in physical activity through initiatives such as building parks and bike paths, organizing sports events, and promoting physical activity at schools and in the workplace.

Encouraging healthy eating: Providing access to healthy food options and promoting healthy eating habits through education and outreach programs.

Reducing environmental hazards: Implementing policies to reduce exposure to environmental hazards such as air and water pollution, and hazardous waste.

Providing access to healthcare: Ensuring that citizens have access to affordable and quality healthcare services, including preventive care, to help maintain good health.

Reducing tobacco and alcohol use: Implementing policies to reduce the use of tobacco and alcohol, including taxes, advertising restrictions, and education programs.

Providing mental health support: Providing access to mental health services and promoting awareness about mental health issues to help prevent and treat mental health conditions.

Encouraging healthy lifestyle: Promoting healthy lifestyles by supporting initiatives such as health fairs, health screenings, and wellness programs.


a. Yoga can be good to stay physically and mentally healthy. Do you practice any yoga? Write an essay on the benefits of yoga.

Answer 👉  

Yoga is a holistic practice that has been around for thousands of years and is an important part of Indian culture. It has gained immense popularity all over the world as a form of exercise, stress relief, and mindfulness.

One of the most prominent benefits of yoga is its physical benefits. Yoga poses, or asanas, help to improve flexibility, strength, balance, and posture. This can reduce the risk of injury and improve overall physical health. It also helps to relieve chronic pain and can improve breathing, circulation, and digestion.

In addition to physical benefits, yoga has been shown to have a positive impact on mental health. The practice of yoga incorporates breathing exercises, meditation, and mindfulness, which help to reduce stress and anxiety. It has been found to have a calming effect on the mind, which can improve mood and help to reduce symptoms of depression.

Yoga is also a great way to improve overall wellness. It has been found to boost the immune system, reduce inflammation, and lower blood pressure. Additionally, it helps to improve sleep, which is crucial for physical and mental health.

Another benefit of yoga is its accessibility. It can be practiced by people of all ages, body types, and abilities. It is also a low-impact form of exercise, which makes it a good option for people with joint pain or other physical limitations.

Finally, yoga is a relatively inexpensive way to stay fit and healthy. There are many free online resources, such as videos and tutorials, that can help you get started. Additionally, many communities offer yoga classes, which can be a great way to connect with others who are interested in yoga.

In conclusion, yoga is a holistic practice that offers numerous physical, mental, and spiritual benefits. Whether you are looking to reduce stress, improve your physical health, or simply find a way to stay fit and healthy, yoga is an excellent option that is accessible, affordable, and easy to incorporate into your daily routine.

b. How can a person be mentally healthy? Provide about ten tips to a person to stay mentally fresh and healthy.

Answer 👉  

Mental health is just as important as physical health, and it's crucial for overall well-being. Here are ten tips to help maintain mental health:

Exercise regularly: Regular exercise has been shown to improve mood and reduce stress and anxiety.

Eat a balanced diet: Eating a well-balanced diet with plenty of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean protein can help maintain mental wellness.

Get enough sleep: Sleep is essential for mental and physical health, and lack of sleep can lead to mood swings and stress.

Connect with others: Social connections and relationships can provide a support network and reduce feelings of loneliness and depression.

Practice mindfulness: Mindfulness meditation and other mindfulness techniques can help reduce stress and improve mental clarity.

Take breaks and recharge: Taking breaks from work and other demands can help reduce stress and improve overall mental well-being.

Find hobbies and interests: Engaging in hobbies and other leisure activities can provide a sense of accomplishment and boost self-esteem.

Avoid alcohol and drugs: Substance abuse can have a negative impact on mental health and lead to addiction.

Practice self-care: Taking care of oneself through activities such as massage, yoga, or spending time in nature can reduce stress and improve mental wellness.

Seek professional help if needed: If feelings of depression, anxiety, or other mental health concerns persist, it is important to seek professional help from a mental health provider.


B. Complete the sentences by choosing the correct verbs from the brackets.

Answer 👉  

a. Everyone has (has/have) problems in their life. Countries also have (has/have) problems, and so does (do/does) the world. One of the greatest problems is (is/are) the growing population. The population in some countries is (is/are) huge.

b. A number of my friends love (love/loves) riding bicycles, but neither my brother nor my sister owns (own/owns) a cycle. At 4 o’clock, either my mother or father is (is/are) coming to pick me up in a car.

c. The pair of shoes on the floor is (is/are) mine. The shoes were (was/ were) made in China. The three thousand rupees I spent on them was (was/were) worth it.

C. Are the following sentences correct? If not, correct them.

Answer 👉  

a. Everyone of the workers receive the same benefits.

Everyone of the workers receives the same benefits.

b. There is two gerbils in my bathroom.

There are two gerbils in my bathroom.

c. Both of my friends live in Kathmandu.

Both of my friends live in Kathmandu.

d. Scissors is used to have our hair cut.

Scissors are used to have our hair cut.

e. You and your friends are welcome to join us.

You and your friends are welcome to join us.

f. Are the news on at five or six?

Is the news on at five or six?

g. The man with all his children live in the city.

The man with all his children lives in the city.

h. Mathematics are Prem’s favourite subject, while Economics is Alina’s favourite subject.

Mathematics is Prem’s favourite subject, while Economics is Alina’s favourite subject.

All Class 11 English Book Solution Link Unitwise

Section I : Language Development

Section II : Literature
Unit - 1 Short Stories

Unit - 2 Poems

Unit - 3 Essays

Unit - 4 One Act Plays

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